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The giant volcano in Italy is shaking with increasing intensity

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The giant volcano in Italy is shaking with increasing intensity
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The giant Italian volcano is active again, as it has not been for months. An earthquake raises fears about a volcanic eruption at sea – with a devastating tsunami.

Pozzuoli – For months, nearly 500,000 people in the red zone surrounding the giant volcano in the Phlegrain Fields have been subjected to continuous earthquakes. On the afternoon of Thursday 11 April alone, more than 60 earthquakes occurred within 24 hours in the Gulf of Pozzuoli in the south. In Italy mentioned. Experts have been warning about this happening for months An eruption is imminent.

Will the giant volcano off Naples erupt into the water like the Honga Tonga-Hunga Haapai volcano in 2022? © Tonga Geological Services via www.imago-images.de

Earthquakes increase in the middle of the bay in front of Pozzuoli

It is noteworthy that the two earthquakes are concentrated in two areas: one of them is the immediate area surrounding the coastal city of Pozzuoli, where the Solvatara crater is also located. Then there is a group in the central Gulf of Pozzuoli area, which is also part of the massive caldera that exploded into the bay due to a massive eruption of the phlegraine fields about 39,500 years ago.

The increasing number of earthquakes in the Phlegren fields indicates an increased risk of a volcanic eruption.
The Solvatara crater near Pozzuoli is steaming. © imago/xgiumarx

Volcanologist Aldo Piombino is concerned about earthquakes in the Gulf. Above all, a small earthquake in the Gulf at a depth of six kilometers makes people sit up and take notice. Piombino posted a map on Facebook identifying the two areas. “Green is the area where seismic activity is directly related to ground uplift,” he writes. The area around Pozzuoli has risen by 1.25 meters since 2005. Researchers believe this rise is caused by hot water fed by a lava chamber in the Earth.

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Is lava seeping into the ground under the bay?

Piombino continues: “The red color is the Gulf earthquake, which is caused by a fault in the Gulf and there are also hydrothermal vents in it.” A rift is something like a crack in the Earth's crust, and hydrothermal vents are something like little volcanoes with hot water coming out of them. “These are two areas with different seismicity: in the hydrothermal system zone there cannot be deep earthquakes because they cannot actually occur in the hydrothermal system, while deeper earthquakes can occur along the fault in the Gulf,” explains Piombino.

The earthquake zone at sea causes a headache for scientists
Volcanologist Aldo Piombino has distinguished areas of volcanic activity at sea and on land. © INGV/Facebook/Aldo Piombino

Earthquakes in phyllgrain fields typically occur at relatively shallow depths of a maximum of three and a half kilometers – and researchers interpret them as eruptions of hot water in the worn-out subsurface. On the other hand, deep earthquakes are interpreted as signs of rising magma. “The deeper the tremor, the greater the concern about magma ejection”; One user worries. “The magma chamber is still very far away,” Piombino tries to reassure. However, magma prefers to penetrate fault zones in the Earth's crust, which ends here under water.

An underwater volcano causes devastating tsunamis when it erupts

A giant volcanic eruption would be devastating even on Earth, for example Previous explosions Prove. A volcanic eruption in Pozzuoli Bay would also trigger devastating tsunamis. In one in Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research In the study published in 2019, Martina Olferova of the Institute of Geophysics at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich and her colleagues created models showing potential tsunamis that could arise from volcanic eruptions of different sizes at different locations in Pozzuoli Bay.

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A video simulation from the Auckland Museum in New Zealand, which recreates a relatively small eruption path near an inhabited coast, shows how devastating volcanic eruptions can be.

Olferova's findings indicate that „there is a high tsunami risk in many areas of the Bay of Naples,” with the risk being greatest in Pozzuoli Bay. Most outbreak scenarios involved tsunamis hitting populated areas. Most areas will only be affected by relatively small waves – less than ten meters high, most likely around one and a half metres.

Waves 30 meters high could hit Naples and Sorrento

But in the worst cases, waves as high as 30 meters could hit the coast. Olferova: “This will particularly affect the densely populated coastal areas of the Bay of Pozzuoli, which have dense infrastructure such as houses, railway network, restaurants, historical buildings, etc.” Most of the population of the Gulf, inhabited by more than three million people, is located on the coast of Naples, as are the hotels of Sorrento, Capri, Ischia and the Amalfi Coast.

The waves will take about 15 minutes to cross the Bay of Naples. There is not much time to evacuate. In January 2022, the models proved that they were not exaggerated eruption From Honga Tonga-Hunga Haapai in the Pacific island nation Tonga. Directly at the volcano, the resulting wave was estimated to be 85 metres; When it reached the uninhabited island of Tofua, 90 kilometers away, its height was probably a maximum of 45 metres.

The fact that there are only four deaths in the world of sparsely populated islands is due to the fact that hotels in the region were closed due to Corona. According to Olferova, the tsunami risk should definitely be included in the national emergency plan for the phyllgrain fields.

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Obama insider says Democrats have no chance — and offers details

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Obama insider says Democrats have no chance — and offers details
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Former Obama adviser David Axelrod writes Biden off the race. Meanwhile, Trump prepares to take office.

WASHINGTON, D.C. — U.S. President Joe Biden wants to continue his bid to challenge Donald Trump in the November U.S. election. Biden is being criticized in part because, due to his advanced age, there are serious doubts about his fitness for a second term in office — at least since his failed televised duel with Trump.

Now Biden’s longtime buddy is also moving away: David Axelrod, former senior adviser to former US President Barack Obama, has moved to the station. CNN Clearly from Biden. Axelrod accused Biden of not understanding “where he stands in the race against Trump.”

Political consultant David Axelrod writes off US President Biden in US election campaign. © IMAGO/USA TODAY Network/MediaPunch; Monday: KB

Why Biden’s Polls Leave Him Cold? Obama’s Closer with Explanation

Axelrod offered a straightforward explanation for Biden’s stubbornness: Joe Biden, Axelrod explained, has “seen so much suffering and failure” in his life that he doesn’t like his current disastrous poll numbers. Biden’s assessment that the November election is more or less all about him is correct, according to an Obama confidant. But “this is exactly why” Biden had to resign, the Obama confidant said. Axelrod stressed that Biden’s age is an “indisputable fact of life” that he must face.

Biden on withdrawal: Only 'God Almighty’ can make him surrender

Even before Biden’s poor showing in the televised showdown with Donald Trump, there were serious doubts about the 81-year-old’s ability to serve a second term as US president. Since the televised duel, critical voices from the Democratic Party have become increasingly loud, calling for Biden to withdraw.

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All information about the US elections summarized in a compact form!

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Internally, Democrats are said to have advised their congressional candidates to distance themselves from Biden if necessary on the campaign trail. For a short time, rumors of Biden’s withdrawal were circulating on news feeds. In an interview with American radio ABC For his part, Biden closed the discussion: Biden said that only “God Almighty” could convince him to withdraw.

Harvard Politics Professor: If Trump Wins, There Will Be a Threat of “Minority Tyranny”

The November election, as Harvard political scientists Steven Levitsky and Daniel Ziblatt describe in their recent book, The Tyranny of the Minority , may be the last democratic election in the United States. The Trump project is designed to ensure that the minority rules the majority in an uncontrollable way. This has long been part of the Republican Party.

„Project 2025” – Radical Right Republicans Plan to Seize Power in the United States

The far-right Heritage Foundation has already articulated what a Trump-led minority tyranny might look like in a hundreds-page manifesto. The primary goal of the “2025 Project” is to give the Trump-era executive branch as much power as possible. The goal of that power is to reorganize American society according to heteronormative, racist patriarchal norms.

The essence of this strategy is to expect that the extreme majority in the Supreme Court will wave all the measures. The judges for this were proposed by the Federalist Society, a legal association associated with the Heritage Foundation.

Even if Biden or another candidate wins the election in November, Levitsky and Ziblatt analyze, democracy in the United States remains extremely fragile: the electoral system allows a minority to elect the president, the Senate can rule and block, and the Supreme Court is very powerful in emergencies. (kilobytes)

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Billions in revenue: Putin increases taxes to finance war of aggression against Ukraine

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Billions in revenue: Putin increases taxes to finance war of aggression against Ukraine
outside Billions in revenue

Putin raises taxes to finance war of aggression against Ukraine

He needs money for his bloody war: Vladimir Putin

He needs money for his bloody war: Vladimir Putin

Source: Photo Alliance/DPA/Press Office of the Russian President/Pavel Birkin

The bloody campaign against Ukraine is costing the Russian state several billion dollars. President Putin has signed amendments to the law to raise the equivalent of 27 billion euros a year. Higher-income earners should pay more, as should companies.

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IIn an attempt to raise additional revenue to finance the war of aggression in Ukraine, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law changes that would increase taxes by billions of dollars.

Putin signed a series of changes to the tax code on Friday, including raising income tax rates for high earners and corporate tax rates. The finance ministry estimates the increases will generate the equivalent of about 27 billion euros a year.

The finance ministry presented the plans in May. Parliament approved the amendments to the law earlier this week. Finance Minister Anton Siluanov said in May that the changes, known in the country as “systemic reforms,” are aimed at “a fair and balanced tax system.” The extra money would boost Russia’s “economic well-being” and flow into a range of public investment projects.

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Since Russian forces invaded Ukraine in February 2022, government spending has far exceeded revenues. In 2023, Russia ran a budget deficit of around €33 billion, or about 2 percent of Russia’s GDP. The deficit is expected to be around 1.1 percent this year.

US, Russian Defense Ministers Hold Phone Call

In the evening, the Russian side reported that Defense Minister Andrei Belousov and his US counterpart Lloyd Austin had a phone conversation and discussed reducing the risks of „possible escalation.” The Russian Defense Ministry said the initiative for the phone call came from Moscow. It added that the issue of avoiding security threats and reducing the risks of possible escalation was discussed.

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The last official conversation between the defense ministers of Russia and the United States took place on June 26. According to Moscow, Belousov then “emphasized the danger of further escalation” regarding “the supply of American weapons” to Kyiv.

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US Election: Joe Biden’s Team Reports Tens of Thousands of Donations After Press Conference

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US Election: Joe Biden’s Team Reports Tens of Thousands of Donations After Press Conference

Despite calls for Joe Biden to withdraw from the presidential race, many are backing his team, according to his team. Democrats Continuing financial support for the US president’s election campaign. Michael Tyler, a spokesman for the Biden campaign team, said during a trip to Detroit that donations to the campaign exploded during Biden’s press conference at the end of the NATO summit in Washington, DC, on Thursday evening.

“We got almost 40,000 donations last night alone,” Tyler said. “They were coming in seven times faster than average. That shows that support for Biden is still very high.”

Biden still clings to his candidacy

The US president himself again sought to dispel doubts about his mental fitness during a campaign appearance in the embattled state of Michigan. „We have to finish this job. I promise you I’m fine,” the 81-year-old told supporters in the town of Northville. Michigan is one of the so-called swing states that will be crucial to the November presidential election.

Meanwhile, some major Democratic donors appear to be withholding support for the campaign as long as Biden commits to his candidacy. Donors told Biden advocacy group Future Forward that, mentioned The New York Times Citing two unnamed sources, the newspaper said they did not want to comment more specifically on the identity of the donors. In total, the donations amount to an estimated $90 million.

Movie stars demand Biden withdraw

An adviser to Future Forward, a so-called super PAC, said he expected donors whose funds were frozen to release them once the uncertainty was resolved, the newspaper reported. Future Forward itself did not want to comment.

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This page is all about the acronym PAC and its meaning as Political Action Committee. Super PACs are organizations that can accept unlimited donations and use them to promote specific candidates or political causes – although the groups are not allowed to give money directly to candidates. This means that their influence on an election campaign is significant. Election campaigns in the United States are very expensive.

There were reports last week that a wealthy Disney heiress wanted to withhold her financial support for the party until Biden dropped out of the presidential race. Wealthy movie stars are also among the party’s major donors. The article, written by actor George Clooney, attracted a lot of attention. The New York Times This week Biden called for withdrawal.

American actress Ashley Judd joined the call. In one of her USA Today In a published opinion piece, Judd wrote that the 81-year-old should retire “voluntarily and with dignity” and make way for a “talented and strong candidate.” As a committed Democrat, it’s not easy for her to make that call. She knows what Biden has done for the country. But voters deserve a real alternative to Donald Trump.

Biden has so far been undeterred and has shown no signs of doubting his mental fitness. Since his poor performance in the televised showdown with his Republican rival Trump, about 20 Democratic lawmakers have publicly opposed the US president. He will be formally nominated as the Democratic nominee for the November presidential election at the Democratic convention in August. He has already secured the necessary delegates in the primaries.

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