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The firestorm destroyed all life once upon a time

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The firestorm destroyed all life once upon a time
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The massive volcano in the Flygrain Fields causes fear of endless earthquakes. Scientists believe that it may have been the reason for the extinction of Neanderthals during the Ice Age eruption.

POZZOLI — Not a day goes by without the ground shaking beneath the massive volcano in the Flegrain Fields of southern Italy. On Wednesday (April 10), more than 60 earthquakes were recorded within 24 hours. Scientists assume that the giant volcano will erupt sooner or later. It can happen at any time. A look at the hundreds of thousands of years of crater field history shows the enormous catastrophes that phlegraine fields can cause.

Monte Nuovo is the last eruption crater of the phlegraine fields © Nino Rossi / Facebook

Sunsets in what is now Germany were very romantic 39,500 years ago: For years, the central star of our planetary system bid farewell each day in a deep red dusk. But temperatures were frigid as the last Neanderthals desperately searched for food in Central Europe. A massive volcanic eruption blotted out the sun 1,000 kilometers to the south. And make sure Neanderthals finally became extinct. At least some paleontologists are convinced of this.

Massive Ice Age Volcanic Eruption: The firestorm destroyed all life within a 70 km radius

At that time, the giant volcano of the Phlegraine Fields, where the coastal city of Pozzuoli is now located, erupted in one of the largest volcanic eruptions in Earth's history. Between 80 and 150 cubic kilometers of lava, pumice stones and ash were released into the open air. A huge crater up to 20 kilometers wide was created. Lava flows of 700-degree hot gas and ash destroyed all life within a 70-kilometre radius.

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On the bay opposite the Gulf of Naples, layers of tuff 50 meters high were deposited on the coast near Sorrento, 30 kilometers away. Scientists call the Campania deposit ignimbrite, named after the Campania region and its capital, Naples, where the phlegraine fields are located, and the Latin word for „rain of fire.”

The Phlegraean Fields supervolcano is thought to have accelerated the extinction of Neanderthals.
A replica of a Neanderthal at the Neanderthal Museum in Mettmann. © Federico Gambarini

The ash resulting from the giant volcanic eruption reached Cyrenaica in Libya and northern Egypt, then moved to Syria, Turkey, Georgia, southern Russia and Kazakhstan and fell to the ground there. But there were finer aerosols spreading through the atmosphere and blocking out the sun. The cooling in the so-called „volcanic winter” was strongest in Eastern Europe and Asia, but also in Western Europe. Temperatures dropped by two to four degrees within a year or two.

Volcanic ash was transported from Italy to Kazakhstan and Siberia

A team of researchers led by Benjamin Black of the University of California, Berkeley, published a study in the journal in 2015 geologyAccording to which the giant volcano could have led to the end of the Neanderthals with a volcanic winter. Russian scientists came to a similar conclusion in 2023. The Neanderthal population declined sharply 39,500 years ago. The Neanderthals faced the problem that their rivals, Homo sapiens, the ancestors of modern humans, reproduced faster. Then came the environmental pressures caused by phlegrein fields.

“We found that peak cooling and acid deposition lasted for a year or two, and that the greatest cooling bypassed hominin population centers in western Europe,” the study says. The scientists have one caveat: „We have come to the conclusion that the environmental impact of the Campanian volcanic eruption alone was not sufficient to explain the eventual demise of Neanderthals in Europe.”

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It has been getting up to four degrees colder in Central Europe for years

But: “However, significant cooling of the volcano in the years immediately following the eruption may have weakened the ability of an already sedentary population to survive and affected many aspects of daily life for Neanderthals and anatomically modern humans.” Or bison and collect edible plants, berries and roots. The cold climate likely reduced food supplies. Cold was also a major stressor for people without shelter. They lived in caves or primitive tents.

Pinatubo is the world's worst volcanic eruption in 150 years.
The giant eruption of Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines in 1991 was small compared to the eruption of the Phlegrain Fields 39,500 years ago. © imago

„This disaster not only radically destroyed the ecological environment of the Neanderthals, but also caused their physical extinction,” said researchers Lyubov Golovanova and Vladimir Doronichev from the ANO Prehistoric Research Laboratory in St. Petersburg after examining traces of volcanic ash in a Neanderthal cave in St. Petersburg. Caucasus. The researchers found a significant decline in pollen concentrations, signs of a dramatic shift to a cooler, drier climate. Another indication: In Mezmaiskaya Cave, all Neanderthal traces end in a layer of ash.

Researchers fear that another eruption of the giant volcano in Italy will occur at any time

Today, a volcanic eruption is also feared in the phyllgrain fields. Naples volcanologist Giuseppe Mastrolorenzo warned last March of the possibility of an imminent massive eruption. Researchers from University College London and the Italian National Institute for Geophysical and Volcanological Research (INGV) concluded in a study last year that filigree fields are becoming weaker and more susceptible to rupture, increasing the likelihood of a volcanic eruption.

The giant volcano erupted catastrophically about 29,000 years ago, and again 15,000 years ago. Since then, there have been dozens of small eruptions in the caldera, the most recent of which was Monte Nuovo near Pozzuoli in 1538.

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Interview of the week – Von der Leyen sets terms for cooperation with MPs from right-wing parties

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Interview of the week – Von der Leyen sets terms for cooperation with MPs from right-wing parties

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen in Copenhagen in May 2024 (picture Alliance / Ritzau Scanpix / Ida Marie Odgaard)

The Commission President stressed that it is about winning over political forces for – I quote – “the majority in the centre”. Von der Leyen stressed that there is no obligatory faction in the European Parliament. Rather, you must constantly search for and form the majority. That’s why it makes sense to look at individual representatives.

Von der Leyen is running in the European elections as the European People’s Party’s best candidate for a second term as Commission President. The CDU politician confirmed that the elections were „directional elections.” Rather, it is about developing Europe – or dividing and dismantling it.

Accusation of rapprochement with post-fascists in Italy

The Commission President has been criticized for not ruling out cooperation with the right-wing conservative ECR group in the European Parliament. The Social Democrats, the Left and the Greens accused her of cozying up to post-fascism in Italy. Prime Minister Meloni’s „Fratelli d’Italia” party is part of the European Council’s parliamentary group. Von der Leyen recently described Meloni as „clearly pro-European”.

Demand fair trade from China

In Deutschlandfunk, von der Leyen again criticized China’s trade practices. There is weak demand in China, but the country still heavily subsidizes electric vehicle production. So there is excess capacity. The United States has closed its market, so the European Union must be careful not to end up on the European market.

The Commission President pointed to the Chinese solar industry, which was heavily subsidized by the state and dominated the market with cheap products. Von der Leyen demanded fair trade.

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Investigation into protective definitions

She explained that the Commission has begun an investigation into the issue of protective tariffs on electric cars coming from China, as required by the rules of the World Trade Organization. However, the results are not yet available. The first step is to talk to the Chinese government. Von der Leyen rejected the accusation that she was heading towards a trade war with China.

Interview of the week with Ursula von der Leyen You can here Read slowly. You can listen to it Sunday at 11:05 am on Deutschlandfunk or soon in the DLF audio library.

This message was sent on May 25, 2024 via Deutschlandfunk.

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The 3-year-old boy likely died of starvation while his parents and sisters were celebrating at a burger restaurant

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In the case of the boy (3) from Epps near Kufstein (Tyrol) who starved to death at home, new shocking details continue to come to light. There is a suspicion of murder against the parents.

Kufstein – The starvation death of a three-year-old boy from the town of Epps north of Kufstein, on the German border, shocked the whole of Austria and the Bavarian region. An application for pre-trial detention was filed against the boy’s parents, which was implemented It was also imposed on Friday afternoon. Both are suspected of murder. The father loudly refuses oe24.at Any statement the mother makes is unbelievable.

Tragedy in Austria: A young child (3 years old) was found dead in bed – his parents suspect murder

According to the spokesman for the Innsbruck Public Prosecutor’s Office, Hansjörg Mayer, “According to previous investigations, there is suspicion that the suspects failed to provide the three-year-old boy with food and fluids over a period of at least several weeks despite his clearly deteriorating health condition.” Contact He went to the doctor because of his apparent weight loss, and the child died as a result of the severe malnutrition he suffered from.”

The little boy likely starved to death in a family-friendly apartment complex. © Zoom Tyrol

On Wednesday, May 22, the suspected Austrian parents (25 and 26 years old) were arrested after staying in the hospital due to a psychological emergency. The first investigations took place on Thursday, May 23.

The boy was not fed “even though he was crying and screaming.”

The prosecutor’s office also announced that the father, a professional driver, exercised his right to refuse to testify. On the other hand, his wife stated that “the child had been sick for the past few weeks and had no appetite. Prosecutors confirmed that a doctor’s visit was planned soon oe24.at There were rumors in the city that the boy had been lying dead in his bed for some time before his father raised the alarm on Monday. Accordingly, the time of death was on Pentecost Sunday. Therefore, the three sisters (1, 3, and 6 years old) did not show symptoms of deficiency. She was cared for by Child and Youth Services.

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How likely it is that the baby’s death had other medical causes will be clarified in further investigations – but so far there is no evidence of this. In sum, the child “was not fed, even though he was crying and screaming, while his twin sister and the other two girls (1 and 6 years old) were cared for and protected.”

The parents are said to have celebrated his birthday with the boy’s sisters

On the Friday before Pentecost, the parents celebrated their eldest daughter’s birthday at a fast-food burger joint while the little girl was alone at home, nearing death, reports said. oe24.at. At the weekend, the family went to the Grand Knights’ Festival in Kufstein – again without the boy. high picture Neighbors noticed that the family was receiving food often. The role of the grandmother, who is said to have sometimes looked after the children, is unclear. She protested strongly in front of reporters, saying that she had not noticed anything.

In Lower Austria, a woman and her partner were recently sentenced to long prison terms because they locked their son (12 years old) in a dog cage and tortured him almost to death. The case of Josef Fritzl, who held his daughter prisoner in an underground apartment from 1984 to 2008, occurred in Lower Austria.

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Russia must „take steps” in the Baltic Sea

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Russia must „take steps” in the Baltic Sea
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Moscow’s plan to expand its maritime borders angers NATO. On the other hand, the Kremlin wants to tighten measures in the Baltic Sea to ensure “security.”

Moscow – The Kremlin wants to tighten its measures in the Baltic Sea, according to its own statements, to ensure Russia’s security from „a confrontation in the Baltic Sea.” This was announced by Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov at a press conference on Wednesday (May 22).

In recent days, signs have emerged of a worsening conflict in the Baltic Sea because Russia plans to expand its maritime borders to the waters of Finland and Lithuania on its own initiative. In the summary of the press conference on Newsweek According to reports, Kremlin spokesman Peskov was also asked about state borders in the Baltics.

No dialogue is possible: the Kremlin blames the West and Lithuania expels the Russian ambassador from the country.

“The scale of the confrontation in the Baltic region requires Russia to take steps to ensure its security,” Peskov said, according to what was reported by the official news agency. TASS. “The situation in the world requires intense dialogue to find ways out of tensions, but the collective West rejects that.”

The Lithuanian Foreign Ministry in Vilnius said on Wednesday that it was summoning the Russian representative and demanding a “full explanation.” Lithuanian Foreign Minister Gabrielius Landsbergis called for a „decisive and appropriate” response from member states NATO And European Union. Finnish Foreign Minister Elina Valtonen said her government was monitoring the situation.

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The Baltic Sea became the „NATO Sea”. Russia has a problem with this. (Avatar) © Picture Alliance/DPA/AP | Salvatore Cavalli

Russia no longer has an ambassador in Vilnius after Lithuania expelled its then-ambassador in April 2022 over atrocities committed by the Russian army in Bucha, Ukraine, and downgraded diplomatic relations with Russia. With these summons, Lithuania responded to a draft decision published by the Russian Ministry of Defense, on Tuesday, to expand Russian maritime areas to the waters of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) countries and the European Union countries of Lithuania and Finland.

Background: The Russian draft resolution shows the expansion of the border into the Lithuanian and Finnish regions

Through a new unilateral determination of the geographical coordinates of Russia’s maritime borders, the Lithuanian and Finnish regions in the Baltic Sea will be added to Russia. Specifically, according to a Russian Defense Ministry document, the maritime borders of Russia’s western Kaliningrad region and the eastern Gulf of Finland will be transferred.

“We have no official information about what Russia is planning,” Valtonen said. Meanwhile, the top Finnish diplomat confirmed that the Russian Federation is also United nations.-Maritime Boundaries Agreement. “We expect Russia to respect the agreement,” Valtonen said.

The recent accession of Sweden and Finland to NATO, sparked by the Russian invasion of Ukraine, gave rise to the term “NATO Sea” for the Baltic Sea, which is entirely surrounded by NATO members, with the exception of Russia.

Experts are sure that Putin wants to control the Baltic Sea

The waters are a flashpoint for regional tensions that include GPS jamming blamed on Russia, a migration crisis that Finland believes was sparked by Moscow, and warnings from international leaders. Vladimir Putin It could attack a NATO member state.

Swedish Army Commander Mikael Biden also warned of Russia’s ambitions for power in the Baltic Sea. “I’m sure Putin has his eyes on Gotland. Putin’s goal is to control the Baltic Sea,” the army chief told newspapers. Editorial Network Germany. Biden continued: “The Baltic Sea must not become Putin’s playground where he terrorizes NATO members.”

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