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Migrants from Senegal: “Nothing works in this country”

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Migrants from Senegal: “Nothing works in this country”

As of: May 12, 2024 at 2:31 p.m

The number of people from West Africa heading to Europe has increased significantly. Not only do they want to escape poverty, they also want to feel a lack of prospects.

Written by Kay Costner, Ard Rabat

Sheikh Ndaw, 24, just wants to leave. Although the young mechanic has a job, nothing can stop him in Senegal: “I have my job, I work every day, but nothing works.” “Nothing works in this country.” His declared goal is Europe. And he already knows how to get there: by boat. From the point of view of the young Senegalese man, there is no other way out: “The only option is to go there illegally. Because I cannot afford the legal way, the plane.”

This makes the young man a very typical case for his generation. At least this is what migration researcher Professor Ali Tandian of Gaston Berger University in Saint Louis in northern Senegal sees. It is naive to think that most people leave their country in search of work, says Tandiyan.

Poverty is by no means the only reason

It’s more complicated, and the reasons are more complex: „Research shows us that those who migrate are not as poor as you think,” Tandiyan explains. “They are people who work. But they work for others so that the profits do not come back to them. Or they are people who are forced to do multiple jobs.”

Tandiyan talks about the so-called “working poor.” Indeed, statistics indicate that the poorest of the poor in Africa do not have the strength or means to undertake the long, often life-threatening journey – let alone pay the smugglers.

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So it’s the people with the least limited resources who get going. The data also shows that the number of migrants leaving their homes within Africa is several times higher than the number heading to Europe in often small wooden fishing boats.

The number of immigrants is increasing rapidly

However, 13,000 people arrived in the Canary Islands via the so-called North Atlantic Route in the first three months of this year, five times the number of people the previous year. Many of them are from Senegal.

Most are driven by desperation — or by dreaming of a better future in their heads, says migration expert Tandiyan. “With all the illusions, the heroism of immigration and the glorification of travel for immigrants, people think it’s possible to find their way around once you’re gone.”

When Tandean talks about “delusions” and “glorification,” he is referring to a social media phenomenon that has been giving Europeans headaches for years: young immigrants and influencers in North Africa have repeatedly filmed themselves in TikTok photos and videos, smiling and smiling completely. On their perilous journeys in small boats across the Mediterranean.

They stood relaxed in front of their smartphone cameras and acted as if it was a harmless fun ride with a glorious future waiting beyond the horizon. And not about a flight that kills thousands every year.

Many films that appeared years ago have now been deleted. But this does not solve the problem. In West Africa too, these posts, often shared hundreds of thousands of times, may still haunt the minds of many young people.

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Will the new government change anything?

Regarding Senegal’s youth, aspirants took power at the beginning of April: “I often tell young people: the solution is not to ride boats.” Politician Ousmane Sonko addressed his young countrymen with these words in 2019. Sonko is well respected, especially among young Senegalese, and served as prime minister for a few weeks after his party colleague Diomai Fay won the presidential election in a landslide.

You now have the opportunity to make a difference. The main tasks they set for themselves are: job creation; Improving the conditions of rural residents and fishermen; Curb inflation.

„Immigration is not yet on our politicians’ agenda,” criticizes Tandiyan. Senegal’s newly elected government, celebrated by many young people, now has the opportunity to change that. The big question is whether she will.

Sheikh Ndaw, 24, doesn’t want to wait for an answer. He is ready to risk his life and leave Senegal by boat to Europe.

Kai Kostner, Rabat Land, Tagesschau, April 17, 2024, 8:01 p.m.

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The Chinese lunar probe returns to Earth with rock samples

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The Chinese lunar probe returns to Earth with rock samples

As of: June 25, 2024 at 8:56 AM

The Chinese lunar probe Chang’e-6 returned to Earth, carrying with it rock samples from the far side of the moon. The mission was technically demanding and considered a great success.

China has already made space history with the Chang’e-6 mission, even before the probe has landed back on Earth: for the first time, the People’s Republic has succeeded in taking samples from the side of the Moon facing away from Earth.

Through rock and soil samples in their luggage, scientists hope to gain insight into the nature of the far side of the Moon, which can never be seen from Earth. Because of the so-called restricted rotation, it always shows us the same side.

Back 'more geologically interesting’

The six Apollo missions in the 1960s and 1970s only brought samples from the far side of the Moon. However, the back side is geologically more interesting because it is older, explains space expert Paolo Ferri, who worked at the European Space Agency (ESA) for many years:

„The biggest difference between the two sides of the Moon is that on the far side of the Moon there is more lava on the surface. It has covered the older surface. So the samples from this side are relatively new. The samples from the far side come from the original surface of the Moon.”

Earth’s gravity likely caused more volcanic activity on the front side.

Cooperation with the European Space Agency

On board the Chang’e-6 probe was a device belonging to the European Space Agency that discovered negative ions on the moon for the first time. Space expert Ferrie explains why this is interesting for science:

“The Moon has neither a magnetic field nor an atmosphere. Therefore, charged solar wind particles – unlike the Earth – directly collide with its surface, interact with it, and produce positive and negative ions.” These are practically the key to the composition of the Moon’s surface.

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It is still unclear whether the European Space Agency will continue to work with China on China’s follow-on missions Chang’e-7 and Chang’e-8 and other projects. European Space Agency on this issue at the request of tagesschau.de He is not quite ready to provide information and only says: „There are currently no decisions on continuing cooperation on 'Chang’e-7′ and -8.”

Competition for manned lunar missions

The reason may be that both China and the United States are planning to send manned flights to the Moon in the next few years. The European Space Agency, in turn, plays an important role in the American lunar program „Artemis”: an important module of the Orion spacecraft comes from Europe. It is assembled in Bremen at Airbus, provides propulsion and is the heart of the spaceship.

Former astronaut Ulrich Walter suspects that the United States is not happy about further cooperation between ESA and China: “The Chinese lunar program consists of four phases. This Chang’e-6 mission was the end of the third phase, and the next phases are two Chang’e missions.” “They are the fourth stage and at the same time two preparatory missions for the subsequent Chinese manned landing on the moon.” This would put the Chinese in competition with the Americans.

Forming camp while exploring the moon

Both the United States and China are currently looking for partners for their lunar programs. The United States launched the so-called “Artemis Accords.” These contracts regulate, among other things, the legal details of future lunar exploration.

After some hesitation, Germany also signed the agreement last September, becoming the 29th country at the time. The United States recently announced that Slovakia has become the 42nd country to sign the Artemis Accords.

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The formation of the camps is progressing because the Chinese also want to implement their lunar program in an international partnership, says former astronaut Walter: „China is working with emerging space nations like Brazil, Azerbaijan, Pakistan and Saudi Arabia. They want that.” Communicate with these countries by linking the lunar program.”

Russia’s role

Russia also cooperates with China and has its own lunar plans, but China has long overtaken Russia, says the former ESA official Ferry: “The Russian program has certainly been delayed. Today there are two major powers in space, and they are no longer Russia or Russia.” „. “At that time, they were the Soviet Union and the United States, but this is the United States and China.”

Ulrich Walter has a similar point of view and adds: Chinese technology has been based on Russian technology – since the 1970s. “But China has developed it so much that it has nothing to do with Russian technology anymore. In fact, the Chinese are now making fun of Russian space technology. They actually don’t want to have anything to do with the Russians in space technology anymore.”

What interests do China and the United States pursue?

According to current plans, the Americans will land astronauts on the moon before the Chinese. The American Artemis 3 mission is scheduled to take place in September 2026, and the Chinese mission is officially scheduled for 2029 at the earliest. For the United States, the moon is a stop on the way to Mars.

On the Earth’s satellite they want to learn how to live in space with people for a certain period of time. Since the Moon is relatively close to Earth at a distance of about 400,000 km, “life in space” can be easily experienced here. In life-threatening situations, for example, you can return to Earth within three days.

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The scientific nature of Artemis missions aims to help advance space exploration. Water ice on the Moon can be melted and split to produce rocket fuel – oxygen and hydrogen. There are also ideas to travel from the Moon to Mars at some point. Since the Moon’s gravity is only one-sixth that of Earth, less fuel would be needed.

For the Chinese, the moon is a prestigious technological project, says former astronaut Walter. „On the one hand, it’s about educating young people; young people should be fascinated.” They also want to develop technologies. “If you look at China’s five-year plan, it says very clearly: We need new technologies.” Space travel is a technology driver, which is why China runs the very extensive lunar program. “They want to cover the Moon with many satellites, observe the Moon, and make many lunar landings, as well as manned landings from 2029.”

Military interests on the moon

From today’s point of view, it does not seem logical to use the moon for military purposes and place weapons on it. The moon is too far from Earth for that. Plans to militarize the Moon did exist during the Cold War, but were rejected.

However, the militarization of space is already taking place in low Earth orbit. Satellites that are part of critical infrastructure orbit there. Laser attacks from the ground, anti-satellite missile tests, and approach maneuvers by enemy satellites are realistic scenarios.

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Assange appears to be negotiating a deal with the American judicial system

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Assange appears to be negotiating a deal with the American judicial system

As of: June 25, 2024 at 2:30 AM

In the midst of the years-long legal debate pitting WikiLeaks founder Assange against his extradition from Great Britain to the United States of America, a surprising solution has emerged. It appears that Assange has reached an agreement with the US Department of Justice.

According to consistent reports, it appears that WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange will enter into a deal with US authorities. This was reported by news agencies AP and Reuters, citing US court documents.

The whistleblower wants to plead guilty as part of an agreement with the US Department of Justice. After pleading guilty and being convicted on espionage charges, he was expected to return to his native Australia. This was stated in court documents published on Monday evening. However, the court must still approve the agreement.

According to the disclosure platform, Assange is free. WikiLeaks said on Tuesday evening that he had left the high-security prison near London, where he had been imprisoned for five years, and Great Britain.

Prison already served

According to plans, Assange is scheduled to appear in court in a remote US territory on Wednesday: the Mariana Islands. The archipelago is located in the western Pacific Ocean, north of Australia, Assange’s home country, and is subject to US sovereignty.

A letter from the US Department of Justice said that Assange is expected to plead guilty to conspiring to illegally obtain and distribute secret documents during the court hearing there. He must then travel to Australia. According to American media, Assange will be sentenced to five years in prison – which he has already served in Great Britain.

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Journalist or not?

Assange faces 17 charges of espionage and computer misuse in the United States because he published a series of secret American documents on his disclosure website WikiLeaks nearly 15 years ago. It is about the actions of the US military in Iraq and Afghanistan. The United States accuses the Australian, among other things, of betraying secrets that endanger human lives.

On the other hand, supporters see Assange as a journalist who exposed alleged war crimes. They claim that this is in the public interest and that the operation is politically motivated. However, the US government believes that Assange’s actions went beyond those of a journalist.

If Assange is convicted without an agreement with prosecutors, he could face up to 175 years in prison on espionage charges.

A lawsuit more than ten years ago

The legal battle over extradition to the United States has been ongoing for more than ten years. Assange has been in Belmarsh high security prison in London for five years.

A British district court had rejected an American extradition request in 2021 on the grounds that Assange would likely commit suicide if detained under strict conditions in the United States. The higher authorities canceled the ruling after the United States provided guarantees. The British government signed the extradition order in June 2022.

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Hezbollah threatens Cyprus and the European Union remains silent

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Hezbollah threatens Cyprus and the European Union remains silent

An Islamic terrorist organization sends stern warnings to an EU member if it does not change its defense policy. The EU foreign policy chief says nothing. Brussels could not present its global political claims as a more clearly a joke.

Threats are an essential task in Hassan Nasrallah’s job description. The 63-year-old is, so to speak, chairman of the Lebanese terrorist group Hezbollah, so rattling is part of his job.

Unfortunately, Hezbollah doesn’t just do PR, it also has a real product to offer for free without a warrant: indiscriminate violence. The main target group is the Jews, i.e. the State of Israel. But those addressed also include all other so-called infidels – that is, all non-Muslims (and sometimes also their fellow Sunni believers).

Under the fire of Hezbollah

Israel is burning, and no one cares

On October 7, 2023, Israel once again learned painfully that Nasrallah’s industry not only barks, but also bites brutally. As for Hamas, Nasrallah’s sister organization, which, like Hezbollah, was fueled by Iran, it attacked 1,200 peaceful visitors to a music festival and, there is no other way to describe it, slaughtered them. 250 people have been kidnapped, according to intelligence, and of the officially remaining 120 hostages, only 50 are said to be still alive. This insane act of terrorism prompted Israel to invade the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip.

The CEO of a terrorist organization, Nasrallah, has now accused EU-member Cyprus of allowing Israel to carry out military exercises at airports and military bases on the island. This is where things get really interesting: Hezbollah’s leader sends a clear and veiled threat to Cyprus – if there is an open conflict with Lebanon and the country, he will allow Israel to continue using its infrastructure:

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Opening Cypriot airports and bases to the Israeli enemy to attack Lebanon means that the Cypriot government is part of the war. The resistance will deal with it as part of the war.”

Cyprus has long been in the crosshairs of Islamic terrorism. Terrorist attacks carried out by Hezbollah and its Iranian agents have been thwarted several times in recent years. The Israelis were supposed to be killed on the island. But the direct threat to an EU member: this is new.

Hamas, the International Criminal Court, and the International Court of Justice: Islamists among themselves

At the beginning of the week: missiles on Tel Aviv

This is where the bureaucracy of the Brussels Empire comes into play, which desperately wants to become a true global power.

In Josep Borrell’s job description, defending EU member states is a fundamental task. The 77-year-old is the EU’s „High Representative for Foreign and Security Policy” – so to speak, a potential EU foreign minister.

Since the Hamas massacre in Israel, the Spanish socialist has not missed an opportunity to denounce the Jewish state in every possible way. Recently, on his former Twitter account, he criticized the Israeli hostage rescue operation (!) with dramatic words:

“Reports from Gaza of another massacre of civilians are horrific. We condemn this in the strongest possible terms. The massacre must end immediately.”

However, this is, well, not entirely true. More precisely: not at all. When Jerusalem was able to free four Israeli hostages from the Gaza Strip on June 8, Israeli units came under heavy fire. There is a detailed report on this matter. It appears that the army freed an Israeli from a private apartment where the hostage was being held by a “journalist” from the Arabic television channel Al Jazeera.

While fleeing, the liberation squad came under heavy fire. Support units paved the way. It appears that many Palestinians were killed. Hamas says: All women and children are completely uninvolved. And Israel says: Nonsense, they were almost exclusively heavily armed Hamas fighters.

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Surprisingly, Borrell believes he would prefer to do this immediately and without any scrutiny by Hamas’s public relations department.

Spain’s anti-Semitic attitude is well known, and one might dismiss it as the annoying behavior of an old man. It is unfortunate that this old man still maintains an office, an office whose importance Brussels itself never tires of emphasizing.

While the crucial EU foreign policy official makes anti-Israel comments, he says nothing about the dark threat of violence against an EU member state.

Any attack by Hezbollah on Cyprus would represent a case of alliance for the European Union. All EU members are then obligated under international law to provide military support to the country under attack. The EU Treaty states in Article 42(7) on the “Common Foreign and Security Policy”:

“In the event of an armed attack on the territory of a Member State, other Member States owe it all the assistance and support in their power.”

Chicken pile EU Commission

EU aid to Gaza not yet suspended – Borrell: This will only encourage terrorists

If North Korea’s madman Kim Jong Un makes any threats against the United States, the US Secretary of State is of course not above rejecting them in clear words. Antony Blinken knows his job duty: to make clear at all times even to clearly crazed potential aggressors that the United States takes its own interests seriously and will protect and defend them.

Burrell clearly lacks this sense of duty, and no one seems to feel called upon to remind the man that he is highly paid and has a job to do.

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As long as the European Union produces such numbers and does not take its foreign and security policy seriously, no one in the world should fear that the European Union will one day become a global power.

We wish Cypriots good luck. You will need it.

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