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Anti-aircraft defence: How Ukraine is using the 'Frankenstein' method to destroy Russian drones

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Anti-aircraft defence: How Ukraine is using the 'Frankenstein' method to destroy Russian drones
a job Surface to air missiles

How is Ukraine using the „Frankenstein” method to destroy Russian drones?

The Soviet-era Buk anti-aircraft system was designed to fire modern American missiles The Soviet-era Buk anti-aircraft system was designed to fire modern American missiles

The Soviet-era Buk anti-aircraft system was designed to fire modern American missiles

Source: Photo Alliance / German Press Agency / TASS

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In the battle against Russian air attacks, the Ukrainian army once again shows its creativity: US-guided missiles are launched from launch systems and using radar technology from the former Soviet era. Five of these Frankenstein defense systems are said to be already in use.

IIn the fall of 2023, the term “FrankenSAM” first appeared in Pentagon circles. A reworking of the so-called Frankenstein surface-to-air missile, as a combination of Western and Eastern weapons technology.

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With this combination, Ukraine wants to defend itself against future Russian air attacks. In contrast to the novel and film Frankenstein's monster, which scientist Victor Frankenstein created from corpse parts, Franken Sam combines operational technology.

According to media reports and information from Ukrainian representatives at the World Economic Forum in Davos, a „FrankenSAM” aircraft has now been successfully shot down for the first time against a low-cost Iranian-made Shahed drone launched by Russia at a distance of nine kilometers. the first.

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Experts consider „FrankenSAM” one of the many creative ideas of Ukrainian military strategists for defense against Russia's aggressive war. In a relatively short period of time, the Ukrainians were able to launch Western Storm Shadow cruise missiles from Great Britain from Ukrainian-owned Russian Su-24M fighter jets. This was also an unimaginable technological combination between the West and the East until then.

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“FrankenSAM” is also a great mix. The American guided missiles are launched from launch systems and radar technology from the former Soviet era, which is in the hands of Ukraine.

Specifically, the American AIM-9M supersonic missile, which was originally developed for air combat as a guided missile to shoot down fighter aircraft, is now being launched from the ground. In the second alternative, according to information received from “The New York TimesUS RIM 7 Sea Sparrow guided missiles, which were originally developed to shoot down ships, were also launched.

The „FrankenSAM” missile was allegedly tested at US bases

However, any guided missile is only as good as the reconnaissance radar's ability to detect the target. Here comes the role of Russian technology. The radar and launcher of the BUK anti-aircraft missile system, developed in the former Soviet Union, are integrated with American guided missiles.

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The BUK missile system became known to the general public nearly ten years ago when a Malaysia Airlines Boeing wide-body plane (flight MH17) was shot down over Russian-occupied territory of Ukraine. 298 people died.

It appears that „FrankenSAM” was tested at US bases in the fall. In December, the United States and Ukraine signed a declaration on joint production of weapons.

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„FrankenSAM” was developed jointly by the Pentagon, the Ukrainian Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of Strategic Industries, according to military experts. The Pentagon also got a detailed look at Russian technology.

Ukrainian Minister of Strategic Industry Oleksandr Kamyshin noted that the full development of Ukrainian air defense will take years.

Therefore, combining Soviet components with Western missiles is a quick solution. Five „FrankenSAM” anti-aircraft systems appear to be already in use. A variant of the US Patriot guided missile is also being prepared.

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Defense in space

For the arms industry, this is also another example of how the Ukrainian war has become a testing ground for new weapons applications and opening up sales markets.

The idea of ​​launching an advanced air-to-air combat guided missile from the ground is not new anyway. The Iris T guided missile developed by the Diehl group is launched by the German armed forces or, for example, Saudi Arabia by Eurofighter fighter jets, and is now used by Ukraine in a variant to defend against Russian drones from the ground. „FrankenSAM” is now completing the Iris-T anti-aircraft defense system in Ukraine.

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Cavalry: Runaway army horses gallop through London

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Cavalry: Runaway army horses gallop through London

At least two British Army horses galloped through central London on Wednesday morning. Pictures and videos circulating online showed how they were tied up and bound the animals Run through crowded streets dodging buses, taxis and cars. One of the animals appears to have a bleeding wound on its chest.

According to police in the financial district British capital The terrified officers were finally able to capture the animals. They should then be taken to a veterinarian by army representatives. Consequently The Daily Telegraph Up to five military horses have dumped their riders during a morning exercise. At least one soldier was injured.

Number of wounded

An army spokesman confirmed that several horses withdrew during routine morning training. All animals were captured and returned. A number of army personnel and a number of horses were injured and are receiving medical treatment.

The emergency service said it was called to an operation near Buckingham Palace that morning due to a rider falling from a horse. In total, there were ambulance missions to three different locations in London, and four people were taken to hospital.

Many army regiments maintain riding stables in the British capital. Army horses are a common sight around government buildings, in Hyde Park, and near Buckingham Palace.

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Sell ​​or ban: USA gives TikTok an ultimatum

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Sell ​​or ban: USA gives TikTok an ultimatum

As of: April 24, 2024 at 5:28 AM

Short video app TikTok has to separate from its Chinese parent company Bytedance in the USA. The Senate also decided on this matter. The company now has one year – otherwise there is a risk of being banned.

The Senate also approved the US law aimed at forcing a change in ownership of the short video app TikTok. This means that it is now on the table of President Joe Biden, who previously announced that he would sign it.

China-based Bytedance Group will have a maximum of one year to separate from TikTok. Otherwise, the app should be banned from US app stores. It is unclear whether the plan can hold up in US courts. A previous threat to ban it there failed.

Accusation of influence peddling

The Senate approved the bill overnight by a large majority of 79 votes to 18. Bytedance is seen across all parties in the US as a Chinese company that should bend to the will of the Chinese Communist Party. That's why there are warnings that Chinese authorities may gain widespread access to data from American users – as well as use the platform for political influence. TikTok has denied this for years.

“For years, we allowed the Chinese Communist Party to control one of the most popular apps in America, and that was dangerously short-sighted,” said Senator Marco Rubio, the top Republican on the Intelligence Committee. “A new law will force the Chinese owner to sell the app. This is a good thing for America.”

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This law, which was passed for the second time in the House of Representatives a few days ago, this time forms part of a package aimed, among other things, at enabling new aid to Ukraine, which is under attack from Russia. That's why it passed through the Senate so quickly on the second try.

TikTok: Not a subsidiary of a Chinese company

The law puts Biden's Democrats in a dilemma: on the one hand, the president wants to take a tough stance on China, and on the other hand, the app is popular among young users, whose votes he needs to be re-elected in November. The Biden campaign team only opened a TikTok account this year.

TikTok confirms that it does not see itself as a subsidiary of a Chinese company. Bytedance is 60% owned by Western investors. The company's headquarters are located in the Cayman Islands in the Caribbean. However, American politicians counter that the Chinese founders, with a 20% stake, have maintained control thanks to higher voting rights and that Bytedance's headquarters are in Beijing, where they cannot escape the influence of the authorities.

TikTok has not yet commented directly after the vote. The company had already announced over the weekend that it wanted to take legal action against the law.

US courts blocked a similar ban attempt

TikTok claims to have 170 million users in the USA. During his US presidency, Donald Trump attempted to force the sale of TikTok's US business to US investors with threats of bans.

But the plan failed primarily because US courts suspected that plans to ban TikTok violated the freedom of expression enshrined in the US Constitution. An existing law in Montana that was supposed to ban TikTok from app stores there has also been suspended. Trump has now backed away from calls for a ban.

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Corruption allegations against Ivanov: Russian Deputy Defense Minister arrested

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Corruption allegations against Ivanov: Russian Deputy Defense Minister arrested

Corruption allegations against Ivanov
Arrest of the Russian Deputy Defense Minister

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One of Russia's deputy Defense Minister Shoigu is accused of accepting bribes. 48-year-old Timur Ivanov has now been arrested. Kremlin critic Navalny, who died in custody, had already accused him of unfair tactics in 2022.

More than two years after the start of the war, one of Russia's deputy defense ministers was arrested. The Russian Investigative Committee said on the Telegram application that Timur Ivanov is suspected of accepting bribes. The authority did not provide any details. He is accused of accepting bribes of at least 1 million rubles, or at least a little less than 10,000 euros, the state agency TASS reported. He faces up to 15 years in prison.

According to media reports, Ivanov, who has held this position since 2016, was primarily responsible for construction projects in the Ministry of Defense – including in the occupied eastern Ukrainian city of Mariupol, which was completely destroyed by the Russian army itself during the siege in the first months of 2016. War in 2022.

Navalny accused Ivanov two years ago

Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu has twelve deputies. Corruption allegations against the 48-year-old Ivanov had already been raised after the start of the war by the team of Kremlin opposition figure Alexei Navalny, who has since died in custody: In research published at the end of 2022, Kremlin opponents accused Ivanov of building estates in several regions. Russian by contractors funded by the Ministry of Defense.

Other investigative media also revealed corruption schemes by the Russian Ministry of Defense as part of the reconstruction of Mariupol. Dmitry Peskov, spokesman for Russian President Vladimir Putin, said after the arrest that Putin and Shoigu had been informed.

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