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The result in Nicaragua is clear: the president eliminates opponents before the elections

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A clear exit in Nicaragua
President eliminates opponents before the elections

Before the presidential and parliamentary elections in Nicaragua, opponents of President Daniel Ortega were locked out of the opposition. There is no doubt about his victory even before the vote. The US government describes the elections as a „farce”. It works to „keep the dictator in power”.

Presidential and parliamentary elections in Nicaragua were held under strict security precautions. The current victory of Daniel Ortega in the election of the head of state was considered certain after the president, who ruled for 14 years, imprisoned opposition politicians, journalists and activists in recent months. Instead of promising opponents, five largely unknown candidates competed against the 75-year-old Ortega.

Voter turnout will be particularly interesting so we can anticipate actual support for Ortega. There is no compulsory voting in the Central American country of 6.5 million people. The weak opposition had called for a boycott of the elections, which were monitored by 30,000 members of the security forces. International observers, like most international media, were not allowed.

„It’s not that it’s bad (…). It’s terrible: you can’t talk, otherwise they will put you in prison,” said Jose, 78, from Nicaragua. „Why should I vote?”

Two-thirds of them would have voted for opposition members

About two-thirds of respondents had recently told polling institute Cid-Gallup that they would have voted for one of the imprisoned opposition candidates had they been allowed to vote. Journalist Christiana Chamorro was one of the most promising competitors to the current head of state. The daughter of former president Violeta Barrios de Chamorro has been placed under house arrest since the beginning of June and excluded from the elections.

Chamorro and six other opposition presidential candidates were arrested based on a law passed by parliament in December that facilitates the disqualification of opposition candidates from the elections. Opposition politicians have been accused of money laundering, high treason, or an assault on Nicaraguan sovereignty. Congress, like the judiciary and the electoral branch, is under the control of the president’s allies.

Ortega was already president in the 1980s, having previously contributed to the overthrow of dictator Anastasio Somoza in 1979 as the leader of the FSLN guerrilla. In 1990 a vote was taken to remove Ortega from office. In 2007 he was elected to the highest position again.

Sanctions against the Ortega government

Critics accuse Ortega of having developed an increasingly authoritarian and repressive style of government over the years. Constitutional regulations limiting presidential terms were abolished. Mass protests against Ortega in 2018 were violently suppressed by security forces, resulting in more than 300 deaths.

The European Union and the United States imposed sanctions on Ortega and his government. Ahead of Sunday’s vote, the United States and the European Union increased pressure on Ortega. The US Congress on Wednesday passed a law that, among other things, toughens sanctions against his government.

The US government called the election a „farce”, and the European Union’s foreign affairs representative, Josep Borrell, called it a „fake”. It’s all about „keeping the dictator Ortega in power,” Borrell said. He announced that Brussels would not recognize the election result. Ortega, whose main allies include Venezuela, Cuba and Russia, accuses the United States and the European Union of „interfering” in his country’s internal affairs.

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Schultz after federal state talks: 'The leadership is there’

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Status: 11/30/2021 10:21 PM

A change of government in the middle of the fourth wave of the pandemic presents a particular challenge to political leaders. After federal state consultations, Vice Chancellor Schultz secured in daily themesThe new government is ready to act.

Despite the change of government, the appointed successor to the chancellor, Olaf Schultz, sees the leadership as well prepared to deal with the Corona pandemic. After the deliberations of the federal and state governments in the afternoon, Schulze said at daily themes„I made the right decisions,” he said, emphasizing „the leadership is there.”

The new government’s mandate is clear: „We have to vaccinate, we will form a crisis team and we need new contact restrictions in order to monitor the infection process.”

Schultz criticized the fact that the SPD had not yet nominated a federal health minister, dismissing it as „completely unjustified”. Indeed, next week it will be clear which women and men will join the federal government for the sake of the SPD and then the „government”. He will meet quickly and get to work.”

For a mandatory vaccination vote without a parliamentary bloc

With the aim of discussing universal compulsory vaccination, Schultz spoke in favor of a similar vote in Parliament without the usual discipline of a parliamentary group. Voting without a parliamentary bloc is an option for morally sensitive issues. The question of compulsory vaccination, Schultz said, is also a matter of conscience.

Prior to this, the federal and state governments agreed on additional new measures for Corona in consultation with Chancellor Angela Merkel and her designated successor in the afternoon. In the preliminary paper corresponding to ARD Capital Studio Available, it was said that a „national solidarity action” wanted to ensure that the number of infections was reduced and the burden on the health system was reduced.

A decision is expected on Thursday

Both Bavarian Prime Minister Markus Söder and government spokesman Stephen Seibert announced that details must be agreed upon in the next step at the prime minister’s conference on Thursday. This is followed by application in federal state regulations.

According to the preliminary paper, plans by the federal and state governments envisage starting a new vaccination campaign by Christmas. Until then, you need up to 30 million additional vaccines in the form of booster, first and second vaccines. For this purpose, the Federal Government Crisis Team has already been formed, which will begin its work immediately. He takes care of any problems that may arise, for example with logistics and delivery of vaccines. German General Carsten Breuer will lead this crisis teamGovernment spokesman Seibert also confirmed.

Expand the circle of people authorized to vaccinate

In order to carry out the vaccination campaign, the pool of those authorized to carry out the vaccinations must be expanded – for example, pharmacists and nursing staff. Vaccination decreases dramatically over time, she said, so vaccination should lose recognition as „complete” after six months.

Additionally, it appears that the federal and state governments are considering establishing a nationwide 2G rule in the retail space. Accordingly, only vaccinated and recovered persons are allowed to enter the shops. The exceptions are shops for daily needs.

Strict restrictions on contact for unvaccinated people

The federal and state governments are also planning to impose strict limits on contact with unvaccinated people. Private gatherings in public or private spaces in which unvaccinated and unvaccinated persons participate shall be limited to one’s home and a maximum of two persons from another home. Children up to 14 years of age should be exempted from this.

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In areas with a high infection or hospitalization rate, it is planned to close clubs, discos and similar facilities in the future. Initially, however, nothing was known about the boundary values.

’Full football fields are not acceptable’

In general, major events should be significantly restricted. She added that full soccer fields like last weekend were „unacceptable”. In addition to the 2G base, the 2GPlus base, that is, an additional current corona test, can be envisaged.

According to the preliminary paper, universal mask requirements are planned for all grade levels in schools.

Vaccination is required from February under discussion

The introduction of universal compulsory vaccination was also discussed. She added that the Bundestag would decide on this matter in due course on the basis of collective proposals. Compulsory vaccination can take effect once each person decides to receive the vaccination. This may have been the case since the beginning of February, for example.

Schultz had previously expressed sympathy with the mandatory universal vaccination against Corona. He announced at Bild TV a legislative measure for general vaccination requirements, which could start this year. Then, members of Parliament should be able to vote freely according to their conscience on the planned provision. The project was justified by the necessary protection of the population.

„We will introduce a legislative measure where every member of Parliament can vote according to his or her conscience on the universal vaccination requirement,” Schultz said. However, he does not see the future federal government as an actor, rather it is a matter of Parliament. Prior to this, there should be a facility-related vaccination requirement for seniors and nursing homes.

Appeal from the Medical Syndicate

The German Medical Association also supports compulsory vaccination against corona. A letter from the Presidency to participants in federal government consultations stated that „a very high vaccination rate is the only way out of the endless cycle of closure with massive psychosocial side effects, especially for children and adolescents.” The federal government should immediately establish statutory regulations for the constitutionally secured vaccination requirements for all adults without medical contraindications.

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Kretschmann for the decision on the epidemiological situation

The Prime Minister of the state of Baden-Württemberg, Winfried Kretschmann (the Greens), called for a re-declaration of the importance of the epidemiological situation at the national level. “Without this decision, we have an asymmetry in the corona metrics,” Kretschmann said. Under the Infection Protection Act, federal states are allowed to close cultural venues, but not stores or fairs. “If we closed the theaters but had to leave the brothels open, you can imagine the discussion,” Kretschmann said.

Tribute from Söder and Wüst

Sodder was satisfied with the current deliberations by the federal and state governments. „You could say: The direction is right,” he said in Munich. The line they agreed on was „anyway something like the Corona package and, to some extent, also an emergency brake”. Sodder openly thanked potential new Federal Chancellor Schultz. „It’s been going better than I thought. A lot of progress has been made. And now I can say that personally: Olaf Schulz played his part today too.”

The Prime Minister of North Rhine-Westphalia, Hendrik Fust (CDU) spoke of a „common understanding” of the prime ministers as well as Merkel and Schulz about the critical and tragic situation in Germany. Scholz agrees to improve the Infection Protection Act. This is especially important for countries with very high numbers of infections.

With information from ARD Capital . studio

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Corona situation: How the federal and state governments can move forward

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Status: 11/30/2021 1:34 PM

In light of the new Omikron variant and the strength of the fourth wave, the call for tougher measures is growing. The federal and state governments have been discussing the crisis since 1 pm. What are the suggestions on the table? Overview.

Why are the federal and state governments already providing advice today?

The next federal meeting is scheduled for December 9. Due to the worsening Corona situation and the newly emerged Omikron change, the Prime Minister is already conducting a telephone consultation with Chancellor Angela Merkel and her designated successor Olaf Schulz.

However, the chancellorship’s executive minister, Helge Braun, had previously slowed expectations. „Decisions are not made today. That was the prerequisite for the meeting,” the CDU politician told broadcasters RTL and NTV, referring to the vote with the SPD side.

What options are conceivable?

There are many conceivable options on the table. The Bundestag can, by simple decision, „Epidemiological situation of national importance“But again. This would give the legal basis for all previous crisis instruments in one fell swoop. This could happen in the next normal week of December 6 or earlier in a special session.

Traffic light parties allowed the national-wide epidemic situation to expire on November 25 and reformed the Law on Protection against Infection with a new majority in the Bundestag. In the future, federal states will not be able to enforce nationwide lockdowns, school closures and curfews. The transitional rules last until December 15.

Another option is to expand the list of measures that traffic light groups have reduced, regardless of the state of the epidemic. For now, general closures of restaurants and stores or local travel restrictions are being ruled out in an entire state. it will take Legislative actions in the Bundestag With the approval of the Federal Council.

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One can also limit additional requirements quickly Prime Minister’s Conference with the federal government. For example, new or lower thresholds for additional requirements and restrictions can be envisaged in the event of large numbers of injuries or hospital loads.

What do you want traffic lights?

There was broad agreement in the lead up to the need for further measures between the SPD, the Greens, and the FDP. However, there are different opinions on the periphery as to what stress might look like. Robert Habeck, head of the Green Party, said in a detailed Morning Journal of ARD and ZDF: “It is quite clear what has to happen: Communications must be reduced, and 2G must be implemented nationwide in a manner that is binding on all public institutions except for the needs one needs in supermarkets or pharmacies.”

In an interview with daily themes compressed Green health expert Janusz Dahmin the importance of a unified approach. „If this cannot be enforced by the regulatory framework of the federal states alone, other regulations put in place by the federal government are necessary to ensure that.”

Karl Lauterbach, SPD health expert, points out night magazine About the fact that the steps taken so far are not enough to reverse the trend in the fourth corona wave. It needs to be refilled and that will happen now, too, according to Lauterbach.

SPD chief Saskia Eskin does not want to rule out further lockdown measures. „These days I highly recommend that nothing be ruled out for anyone with political responsibility either, because we don’t know how things are going,” Esken said in a joint statement. Morning magazine from ARD and ZDF.

FDP leader Christian Lindner had already spoken out in favor of more communication restrictions. The party wants to avoid large-scale shutdowns.

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„I rule out a nationwide lockdown for now,” Kristin Aschenberg-Dognus, a spokeswoman for health policy for the Bundestag’s parliamentary group, told NTV. However, there should be restrictions on the connection in the hotspots. For example, clubs and discos should be closed, and major events such as football matches „shouldn’t be possible in my opinion at the moment,” Aschenberg-Dognus says.

What do countries require?

There are calls from several countries for new „emergency brakes”. Saarland Prime Minister Tobias Hans, for example, has called for „emergency curb measures in national uniforms”. „For areas with very high infection, it needs to have a lock-in capability,” said the CDU politician from Bild. Saarland is currently planning further tightening, as are North Rhine-Westphalia, Baden-Württemberg, Saxony and Bavaria.

Bavarian Prime Minister Markus Söder (CSU) today once again called for decisive and common action by all. „Now the federal government has to do its part,” he said. BR. This includes, for example, giving pharmacies the opportunity to vaccinate and providing an adequate vaccine. In addition, the legal basis for general vaccination requirements must be established. Soder said standardized procedures are needed in Germany and not a patchwork quilt.

The German Federation of Cities and Municipalities is also calling for uniform standards nationwide for stricter coronavirus measures. General Manager Gerd Landsberg spoke at rbb To restore the epidemiological situation of national importance. The list of measures drawn up by the new Infection Protection Act is good, Landsberg said, but not enough. This is why a different legal basis for epidemic control measures is needed.

What do scientists recommend?

Scientists work with physicist Viola Pressman From the Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Regulation in Göttingen a legal basis for a type of emergency circuit breaker and other far-reaching measures. „Especially with regard to the new Omicron formula, this type of precaution is urgently required,” the statement said. Legal prerequisites should be established as quickly as possible. „The set of rules should be the same for all federal states in order to enable clear communication and planning.”

In addition to the package of emergency measures, contact tracing of people with omicron infection should be an „absolute priority for now.” Sufficient personnel and resources must be provided for this. A systematic genetic record is also essential.

According to many scientists, Omikron increases the importance of vaccinations and contact restrictions.

What do the decisions of the Federal Constitutional Court mean?

The emergency brake in the Infection Protection Act (section 28b) was limited in time and expired at the end of June. In the newly amended law of future traffic light alliances from SPD, Greens and FDP, the clause looks different and now contains, for example, a 3G base in the workplace. Federal Constitutional Court decisions on federal emergency braking have been eagerly awaited. Politicians hope for specific guidance on the scope of their work regarding the restrictions on freedom in the Corona pandemic.

The court has now ruled that the federal emergency brake was not an unacceptable interference with fundamental rights. Karlsruhe judges announced today that the restrictions on exit and contact „as a whole served life, protect health” and preserve the health system. Nor does the prohibition of face-to-face teaching violate the right to school education.

With the resolutions, those clamoring to return to the emergency brake are seeing themselves assured. Bavaria’s Prime Minister Söder sees it as „the basis for the new federal emergency curb”. All those who tried to paint a different picture have now been refuted, the CSU politician wrote on Twitter. Chancellery chief Brown (CDU) is also insisting on unified emergency brakes nationwide in response to Karlsruhe’s decisions on anti-corona measures.

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Migrants in the Belarusian border region: 'We were trapped in the middle’

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Status: 11/30/2021 3:22 AM

The situation in the Belarusian border region remains desperate. More and more migrants are telling how they are stuck between the fronts. There is no expected improvement in the situation.

Written by Martha Welchinsky, ARD Studio Moscow

Another person died in the western border region of Belarus. According to the Belarusian border guards, the man was found dead on Monday night near the border with Lithuania. He was pushed to the Belarusian side, said Governor Alexander Lukashenko at a meeting with representatives of the Belarusian Ministry of Defense.

In this immigrant crisis, these miscreants go so far as to kill people. It’s always the same way: you put a dead or half-dead person in a sleeping bag and put them on our border.

Martha Welchinsky
ARD studio Moscow

Lukashenko assures that the investigators will explain the reason for this. But there are hardly any opportunities for an independent examination of what is going on in the forests between Belarus and the European Union.

forced attack

The migrants repeatedly say that Belarusian border guards urged them to cross the border into Poland or Lithuania. The attack by hundreds of migrants at the Brusgi-Kuznica border crossing nearly two weeks ago was forcible, says this 18-year-old Iraqi:

I said we can’t go back to Belarus, but we can’t go to Poland either. So we were trapped – in the middle. It was cold and we had to do something. The people froze. So the Belarusians said: If you attack now, our people will help you return.

After a brief period of escalation, during which the Polish side used water cannons and tear gas, about 2,000 migrants were transferred to temporary emergency housing – in a warehouse not far from the Belarusian-Polish border. Many are still there today – hoping that they will somehow make it to Europe.

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The situation is not expected to improve

Many have now given up hope – like Shilwan, a law student from Iraq. Like hundreds of others, he made it home via Minsk over the weekend. Had he known what to expect on the border with Europe, he says, he would not have started. And only after returning from Belarus, he dares to describe in an audio message what happened in the border area.

On the first night, the Belarusian border guards took us and told us that they would take us to Poland. They said there were no police and no controls. But they lied. On the second night they took us to the Lithuanian border. The Lithuanians came with dogs and electric batons and forced us back to Belarus.

The situation of immigrants in Belarus, especially in the border region, is not expected to change soon. Unless they choose the way back to their countries of origin.

During his visit to the emergency shelter last Friday, Alexander Lukashenko publicly announced that he would launch a personal campaign to allow these people to cross into Europe – and in particular to Germany. But this is not a real perspective. Especially since the governor himself added that the situation at the site will not improve in the near future.

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