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The Chinese lunar probe returns to Earth with rock samples

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The Chinese lunar probe returns to Earth with rock samples

As of: June 25, 2024 at 8:56 AM

The Chinese lunar probe Chang’e-6 returned to Earth, carrying with it rock samples from the far side of the moon. The mission was technically demanding and considered a great success.

China has already made space history with the Chang’e-6 mission, even before the probe has landed back on Earth: for the first time, the People’s Republic has succeeded in taking samples from the side of the Moon facing away from Earth.

Through rock and soil samples in their luggage, scientists hope to gain insight into the nature of the far side of the Moon, which can never be seen from Earth. Because of the so-called restricted rotation, it always shows us the same side.

Back 'more geologically interesting’

The six Apollo missions in the 1960s and 1970s only brought samples from the far side of the Moon. However, the back side is geologically more interesting because it is older, explains space expert Paolo Ferri, who worked at the European Space Agency (ESA) for many years:

„The biggest difference between the two sides of the Moon is that on the far side of the Moon there is more lava on the surface. It has covered the older surface. So the samples from this side are relatively new. The samples from the far side come from the original surface of the Moon.”

Earth’s gravity likely caused more volcanic activity on the front side.

Cooperation with the European Space Agency

On board the Chang’e-6 probe was a device belonging to the European Space Agency that discovered negative ions on the moon for the first time. Space expert Ferrie explains why this is interesting for science:

“The Moon has neither a magnetic field nor an atmosphere. Therefore, charged solar wind particles – unlike the Earth – directly collide with its surface, interact with it, and produce positive and negative ions.” These are practically the key to the composition of the Moon’s surface.

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It is still unclear whether the European Space Agency will continue to work with China on China’s follow-on missions Chang’e-7 and Chang’e-8 and other projects. European Space Agency on this issue at the request of tagesschau.de He is not quite ready to provide information and only says: „There are currently no decisions on continuing cooperation on 'Chang’e-7′ and -8.”

Competition for manned lunar missions

The reason may be that both China and the United States are planning to send manned flights to the Moon in the next few years. The European Space Agency, in turn, plays an important role in the American lunar program „Artemis”: an important module of the Orion spacecraft comes from Europe. It is assembled in Bremen at Airbus, provides propulsion and is the heart of the spaceship.

Former astronaut Ulrich Walter suspects that the United States is not happy about further cooperation between ESA and China: “The Chinese lunar program consists of four phases. This Chang’e-6 mission was the end of the third phase, and the next phases are two Chang’e missions.” “They are the fourth stage and at the same time two preparatory missions for the subsequent Chinese manned landing on the moon.” This would put the Chinese in competition with the Americans.

Forming camp while exploring the moon

Both the United States and China are currently looking for partners for their lunar programs. The United States launched the so-called “Artemis Accords.” These contracts regulate, among other things, the legal details of future lunar exploration.

After some hesitation, Germany also signed the agreement last September, becoming the 29th country at the time. The United States recently announced that Slovakia has become the 42nd country to sign the Artemis Accords.

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The formation of the camps is progressing because the Chinese also want to implement their lunar program in an international partnership, says former astronaut Walter: „China is working with emerging space nations like Brazil, Azerbaijan, Pakistan and Saudi Arabia. They want that.” Communicate with these countries by linking the lunar program.”

Russia’s role

Russia also cooperates with China and has its own lunar plans, but China has long overtaken Russia, says the former ESA official Ferry: “The Russian program has certainly been delayed. Today there are two major powers in space, and they are no longer Russia or Russia.” „. “At that time, they were the Soviet Union and the United States, but this is the United States and China.”

Ulrich Walter has a similar point of view and adds: Chinese technology has been based on Russian technology – since the 1970s. “But China has developed it so much that it has nothing to do with Russian technology anymore. In fact, the Chinese are now making fun of Russian space technology. They actually don’t want to have anything to do with the Russians in space technology anymore.”

What interests do China and the United States pursue?

According to current plans, the Americans will land astronauts on the moon before the Chinese. The American Artemis 3 mission is scheduled to take place in September 2026, and the Chinese mission is officially scheduled for 2029 at the earliest. For the United States, the moon is a stop on the way to Mars.

On the Earth’s satellite they want to learn how to live in space with people for a certain period of time. Since the Moon is relatively close to Earth at a distance of about 400,000 km, “life in space” can be easily experienced here. In life-threatening situations, for example, you can return to Earth within three days.

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The scientific nature of Artemis missions aims to help advance space exploration. Water ice on the Moon can be melted and split to produce rocket fuel – oxygen and hydrogen. There are also ideas to travel from the Moon to Mars at some point. Since the Moon’s gravity is only one-sixth that of Earth, less fuel would be needed.

For the Chinese, the moon is a prestigious technological project, says former astronaut Walter. „On the one hand, it’s about educating young people; young people should be fascinated.” They also want to develop technologies. “If you look at China’s five-year plan, it says very clearly: We need new technologies.” Space travel is a technology driver, which is why China runs the very extensive lunar program. “They want to cover the Moon with many satellites, observe the Moon, and make many lunar landings, as well as manned landings from 2029.”

Military interests on the moon

From today’s point of view, it does not seem logical to use the moon for military purposes and place weapons on it. The moon is too far from Earth for that. Plans to militarize the Moon did exist during the Cold War, but were rejected.

However, the militarization of space is already taking place in low Earth orbit. Satellites that are part of critical infrastructure orbit there. Laser attacks from the ground, anti-satellite missile tests, and approach maneuvers by enemy satellites are realistic scenarios.

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Setback for Orban: After 'Peace Mission’ – EU moves ministerial meeting from Budapest to Brussels

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Setback for Orban: After 'Peace Mission’ – EU moves ministerial meeting from Budapest to Brussels
outside After the „Orban Peace Mission”

’Symbolic’ Consequences – EU Moves Ministerial Meeting From Budapest to Brussels

Hungary, led by Viktor Orban, has held the presidency of the Council of the European Union since July 1.

Hungary, led by Viktor Orban, has held the presidency of the Council of the European Union since July 1.

Source: German Press Agency/Alexander Zemlianichenko

There is still a lot of anger in Brussels about Viktor Orbán’s “peace mission”: EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell wants to ban Budapest from the next meeting of foreign and defence ministers. But the shot could backfire.

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DrThe European Commission is drawing further conclusions from Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban’s unilateral actions: EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell said on Monday that upcoming meetings of foreign and defence ministers will be held in Brussels – not in the Hungarian capital Budapest.

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Borrell said after a ministerial meeting in Brussels that he had taken the decision after a majority of ministers spoke out against Hungary and wanted to impose „symbolic” consequences on the country. According to Borrell, 25 foreign ministers condemned Orban’s behaviour. The Hungarian received support only from Slovakia.

But Borrell has also been heavily criticised for his uncoordinated move to cancel the Budapest meeting. “Spain does not support a boycott in the EU,” Foreign Minister José Manuel Albares said. Luxembourg’s Foreign Minister Xavier Bettel called the idea of ​​a boycott “nonsense”. Bettel said he would rather go to Budapest and express his opinion to the Hungarians. Germany, France and the Netherlands have also voiced opposition to Borrell’s proposal.

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In Brussels, it cannot be ruled out that Borrell’s boycott campaign will ultimately backfire: several ministers are now said to be staying away from the Brussels meeting on 28-30 August in protest.

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Hungary has held the six-month rotating presidency of the Council of the European Union since the beginning of July. Immediately after that visit began, Orbán made a surprise visit to Ukraine, Russia and China on a self-proclaimed “peace mission.” He also met with US presidential candidate Donald Trump. His meetings have drawn criticism from EU member states.

The European Commission had already reached its first conclusions a week ago. A Council spokesman had said that no commissioners would be sent to informal meetings of the Hungarian Council Presidency, but only senior officials. The decision was taken by European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen. There will also be no customary inaugural visit by the Commission to the new Council Presidency.

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Trump camp launches attack after Biden withdrawal

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Trump camp launches attack after Biden withdrawal

As of: July 23, 2024 at 11:29 AM

After Biden’s withdrawal from the US election campaign, Vice President Harris appears to be the new Democratic nominee. The Trump camp and the Republicans have already adjusted their strategy.

While US President Joe Biden is widely respected by Democrats for his decision, the reaction from Republicans seems somewhat different.

The crowd began to boo when Trump’s running mate, J.D. Vance, declared at a rally in Ohio: “Joe Biden is out of the race.” In his hometown of Middletown, the newly elected Vance has now thrown himself into the campaign.

That has changed dramatically for the Republican Party as a result of Biden’s withdrawal. So they are immediately adopting a new strategy and portraying the planned change of candidates as undemocratic.

Republicans make serious claims

Vance, for example, rails against the supposed Democratic elite who, in his view, were pulling the strings in the background: “Now to nominate someone else because George Soros and Barack Obama and a few elite Democrats decided behind closed doors to prioritize the Democrats.” Joe Biden is out “This is a threat to democracy. It’s not the Republican Party that fights for democracy every day.”

House Republican Leader Mike Johnson goes a step further. On CNN, he says that in some states you can’t just change the nominee. 14 million people voted for him in the primary — and Biden’s withdrawal now renders their votes invalid.

In the US states of Wisconsin, Georgia and Nevada, there are already regulations on how to conduct a candidate swap, but since Biden has not yet been formally nominated, it probably won’t help that Republicans go to court much.

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Anti-Harris commercials are already running.

The second strategy directly targets Biden’s likely successor, current Vice President Kamala Harris. Donald Trump, who is running for the White House as a Republican, has already made a pitch at a campaign event in Michigan..

Trump, who mispronounced her name, says he just calls her „Laughing Kamala.” „You can tell a lot from her amazing smile,” the 78-year-old said. „She’s crazy.”

But the attacks are not limited to the personal level: Trump and Republicans are also blaming Harris on the political level — for everything the Biden administration has done.

Just an hour after he announced he would not run for re-election, the first TV ads came out: Harris was accused of covering up Biden’s supposedly poor health.

The short ad reads: “Kamala knew Joe couldn’t do the job, so she did it.” What they achieved was an invasion of the border, soaring inflation, and the death of the American dream.

Attack Surface When It Comes to Immigration

The immigration issue in particular could make Harris vulnerable to Republicans. As vice president, President Biden has tasked her with immigration policy.

“She didn’t do her job,” Texas Republican Gov. Greg Abbott said on Fox News. “Harris is a failure.” Abbott said Americans should reject her at the ballot box in November.

It remains unclear whether Kamala Harris will actually run as a Democrat. Republicans are certainly preparing for that.

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Trump furious after Biden resignation – former president sees ‘danger to democracy’

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Trump furious after Biden resignation – former president sees ‘danger to democracy’
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Donald Trump is angry. After Joe Biden dropped out of the presidential race, the Republican reacted angrily.

Updated from July 22, 1:53 p.m.: A day after Joe Biden dropped out, Donald Trump continues to distribute. The former US president wrote on TruthSocial: “It’s a new day and Joe Biden doesn’t remember dropping out of the race yesterday! He’s demanding his campaign plan and arranging talks with Presidents Xi (China) and Putin (Russia) about the possible start of World War III.

“He loses the debate badly, then panics and makes mistake after mistake. Then he is told he can’t win. They decide to vote for someone else, maybe Harris. They stole the race from Biden after he won the primary – for the first time! These people are the real danger to democracy!” Donald Trump wrote regarding the latest developments in American politics.

After Joe Biden Withdraws: Trump May Run Against Harris in US Elections

Updated from July 22, 12:02 PM: For Trump, Joe Biden’s withdrawal is likely to open a new chapter in the US election campaign. Shortly after Biden’s comments, the Republican vented his anger and criticized his former rival. He, in turn, tried to appoint Kamala Harris as his successor. Current analysis of the surveys written by CNN Meanwhile, he sees a close race between Trump and Harris if the two politicians run against each other in the 2024 US election.

CNN found that the average of the last six polls would give Trump 48% of the vote. Harris would get 47%. Political expert David Sirakov sees Democrats’ chances in the US presidential election improving significantly after Joe Biden’s withdrawal as a candidate. “The withdrawal has the potential to be a game changer. It’s an opportunity for Democrats to get back on the political front,” he said.

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Trump responds to Biden’s withdrawal: 'It’s a threat to democracy’

Updated from July 22, 10:43 AM: Donald Trump is still angry after Biden dropped out of the 2024 US presidential race. On Truthsocial, he once again criticized his former rival, writing: “Who is running our country right now? It’s not Crooked Joe. He has no idea where he is. If he can’t run for president, he can’t run our country!!!” Meanwhile, Trump said: “Biden did not have Covid. He is a threat to democracy!”

Meanwhile, in the wake of recent developments in US politics, the Republican front-runner also sees himself as needing „compensation” after spending money on the campaign against Biden.

Biden Withdrawal Impact: Stock Market and Bitcoin Reaction – Trump With Confidence

Update from July 22, 9:40 AM: The withdrawal of Joe Biden and the search for a successor to run in the US elections in 2024 is the dominant topic in the United States. There is currently no official opponent for Donald Trump. In these turbulent times, the US stock market started the new week with a setback. On the other hand, the cryptocurrency Bitcoin has risen significantly: the price rose to more than $ 68,000 on Monday, its highest level in more than a month. Last night, the oldest and most popular cryptocurrency was temporarily trading at just under $ 68,500 on the Bitstamp trading platform.

According to analyst Timo Emden of Emden Research, the assumption in the crypto market is still that Donald Trump will win the upcoming presidential election and return to the White House as president. Trump is an advocate of reduced regulation and is generally seen as a supporter of cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin.

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Donald Trump Responds to Biden’s Withdrawal Ahead of US Elections, Feels 'Scammed’

Update from July 22, 5:45 AM: After Joe Biden’s withdrawal, Donald Trump is clearly angry. His campaign team has invested time and money in “the battle against fraudulent Joe Biden.” “We must now start over,” Trump wrote on the online platform Truth Social. The 78-year-old suggested that Republicans should compensate for the “fraud” on his party.

Update from July 21, 10:30 PM: About an hour after his initial reaction, Donald Trump retaliated against US President Joe Biden after he dropped out of the election campaign. “Corrupt Joe Biden is by far the worst president in the history of our nation. He has done everything in his power to destroy our country, from our southern border to energy dominance, national security, international standing and so much more,” Trump wrote in another post on Truth Social.

“He was destroyed in a devastating debate, and now the corrupt and radical Democrats are throwing him overboard,” Trump continued, referring to the failed televised debate. “He was unfit to serve from the start, but the people around him lied to America about his complete and utter mental, physical and cognitive decline. Whoever the Left puts forward now will be more of the same.”

Trump’s reaction to Biden’s withdrawal from the US election campaign

First report for July 21: Email WASHINGTON, DC — It’s been a long-running speculation, but it finally happened on Sunday night. U.S. President Joe Biden has withdrawn his candidacy for the 2024 U.S. presidential election after mounting criticism from his own ranks. He wants to focus on his duties as president and is proposing his vice president, Kamala Harris, as the new Democratic nominee. It didn’t take long for Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump to respond.

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Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump made extensive use of his first campaign appearance since the assassination attempt to mock rival Joe Biden’s problems. © Katie Boehmer/Saginaw News/AP/dpa

Trump Responds to Biden Withdrawal – ‘Not Fit to Serve’

“Corrupt Joe Biden was unfit to run for President and certainly unfit to serve — and never was!” Trump wrote on his Truth Social messaging service. “He only got the job of President through lies, fake news, and never leaving his basement,” the former president continued. Biden’s inner circle knew the president was unfit for office, and Trump continues to make the claims, attacking Biden’s doctors and the media in particular.

Trump wrote that the United States had suffered „great damage” from Biden’s presidency, but that he and his team „will repair the damage very quickly” after he concluded his re-election statement with the slogan „Make America Great Again.”

Trump Reacts to Biden Withdrawal – Vance’s Rep Also Calls for Immediate Resignation as President of the United States

Since announcing his candidacy, Trump has attacked Biden for his age and alleged lack of mental fitness. After Biden’s poor performance in a live televised duel with Donald Trump, a growing chorus of voices within the Democratic Party has been raised against the US president and disqualified from running again.

J.D. Vance, Trump’s running mate, had called for Biden to withdraw just hours earlier. He said that if the US president withdrew his candidacy, he should also resign from office. “Failure to seek re-election would be a clear admission that President Trump was right all along in his belief that Biden was not mentally fit to serve as commander-in-chief,” Vance wrote on X.

Trump’s reaction to Biden’s withdrawal from the US election campaign – the statement literally

“Crooked Joe Biden (Crooked Joe Biden) was not fit to run for President and is certainly not fit to hold office – and never was! He became President only through lies, fake news, and not leaving his basement. Everyone around him, including his own doctor and the media, knew he was not fit to be President, and he was not – and now look what he has done to our country, with millions of people, coming across our borders, completely out of control and unchecked, many from prisons and psychiatric institutions and a record number of terrorists. We will suffer greatly under his Presidency, but we will repair the damage he has done very quickly. Let’s Make America Great Again!” (FD)

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