Connect with us

World

Russia has destroyed a lot of power stations in Ukraine, knocking out half of electricity production: the 'Frankenstein units’ are supposed to help in the winter.

Published

on

Russia has destroyed a lot of power stations in Ukraine, knocking out half of electricity production: the 'Frankenstein units’ are supposed to help in the winter.

Russia has destroyed many power plants in Ukraine, resulting in the loss of half of its electricity production. This is already difficult in the summer – and in the winter it can be disastrous. What is needed is not only repair of damaged power plants, but also more air defense and increased electricity imports from neighboring countries, says Dmytro Sakharuk of Ukrainian energy company DTEK in an interview with ntv.de.

In the medium term, electricity generation in Ukraine requires decentralized energy supply. And more renewable energy sources, because they are more flexible, says Sakharok: „Of course, wind turbines and solar panels can also be attacked, but the Russians will have to spend more resources on them because the systems are spread over a large area. They are certainly easier and faster to use to repair.”

Dmytro Sakharuk is Managing Director of DTEK, Ukraine's largest private energy company.

Dmytro Sakharuk is Managing Director of DTEK, Ukraine’s largest private energy company.

(Photo: Detic)

ntv.de: Russian missile and drone attacks destroyed half of Ukraine’s electricity generation capacity, President Zelensky said Tuesday at a reconstruction conference in Berlin. How affected is your company?

Dmytro Sakharok: Before this wave of attacks, that is, before March 22 of this year, we had six thermal power plants.

Coal or gas?

money. It was already attacked in the previous wave between October 2022 and February 2023, but we fixed it. This year, there have been six attacks on our power plants: two in March, two in April, one in May, and one in June. The total available capacity of these six power plants is 5 gigawatts. We currently have 500 megawatts available to produce electricity. We’re basically down 10%, from 5 GW to 500 MW. We are trying to restore at least half of what was damaged or destroyed at the beginning of the heating season.

So until October?

Depending on how you count. Traditionally, the heating season in Ukraine begins on October 15. Last year, due to the unusually warm weather, the authorities decided to postpone the date to November 1. To repair half the damage, we need between $350 and $400 million, mainly to buy transformers, turbines and generators. The problem is that companies don’t have anything like this on their shelves. As a rule, these devices are manufactured for the system in question. Therefore, the lead time is long and of course an advance payment must be made.

Can you repair power plants?

There may be at least a partial short-term solution this year. We may obtain materials from power plants built during the Soviet era in countries such as Poland, the Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Romania and Greece. We are already visiting these facilities in cooperation with the Ukrainian Ministry of Energy and Ukrainian energy companies. Many of them have been closed or are being closed due to environmental regulations. We check what can be used in Ukraine.

READ  Millions of cases: Corona wave passes through China

did you find what you were looking for?

We found some things – not everything we need, and of course it is used. But it must be possible to repair, maintain and load materials onto trucks and transport them to Ukraine. This is the quickest way to restore at least some of our ability to generate electricity. Of course, the material does not always fit. Our power plant blocks will be a bit like Frankenstein’s modules.

Do you have enough engineers and workers to repair damaged pipes and equipment?

Yes. We employ 50,000 people in various departments of our company. Miners, for example, who now help repair systems, substations and lines. However, we have a shortage of skilled workers who can adapt materials from old power plants in neighboring countries. The scale of destruction is so great that we do not have enough engineers to deal with it. We also lack the personnel needed to dismantle the devices and transport them to where they are needed. Currently 5,000 of our employees are in the military. 289 killed as soldiers. 875 wounded. 66 missing. We also have twelve employees in captivity. Some of our employees have died on the job. Four were killed and 65 injured. This is the high price we pay for operating power plants. You need staff to supervise the blocks – even if there is an alarm. We then reduced the number of colleagues to a minimum and installed additional protective measures in the control rooms; They also wear protective vests and helmets. But it’s still very dangerous. These people are like soldiers in the trenches.

How much will these Frankenstein blocks help?

It will not cover all needs, perhaps 15 or 20 percent. That’s why we also have to buy new materials, because in some places the old ones can’t be used – in control rooms, for example. So we need money – financial requirements are high and our company’s sales are low. In the previous wave, we repaired ten units and spent $126 million. All 10 units now need repair again. We hope for international support. The Ukrainian government may provide low-cost loans, or international institutions such as the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development or the European Investment Bank may also provide loans to purchase equipment and finance the work. The US aid agency, the US Agency for Development Cooperation, has already provided $46 million to purchase equipment, in addition to $26 million from the European Energy Security Support Fund. But the gap is still huge: we need between $350 and $400 million for all repairs. There are only 140 days left until the heating season begins.

Is there a difference between the attacks since March and the first wave of attacks in the winter of 2022/2023?

READ  The sudden onset of winter exacerbates the situation

During the first wave we had more air defence. This spring, the Russians waited for the moment when Ukraine would run out of anti-aircraft ammunition due to delays on the part of our American and European partners. This is the main factor: our defensive ability.

Right now we try to make it clear in all conversations: even if we had the money, equipment and people to do the job, it doesn’t make sense for the Russians to launch another air strike and again in a month, a week or a day to destroy our powerful plants.

At first glance, it seems illogical for the Russians to wait until March to attack energy infrastructure.

That was very logical. In December, January and February they sent thousands of cheap martyr drones to drain our defences. When they realized our supplies were almost at zero, they knew now was the perfect time to send the missiles. So, it is not enough to restore our ability to generate energy, we must also be able to protect it. But there is a third thing we need.

What is the third thing?

We must increase our energy imports from Europe. Ukraine has been connected to the European electricity grid since March 16, 2022. The connection capacity currently stands at 1.7 GW, which is the combined capacity of Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania and Moldova. In purely technical terms, the capacity is 3.5 gigawatts. The 1.7 GW cap was a decision taken by the European Network of Transmission System Operators, ENTSO. This is the forum where engineers decide how much electricity can be transferred from one country to another within the European grid. They usually take a very conservative approach. This was also the case when our power systems were synchronized: ENTSO engineers said it was impossible, we would have to wait two years. Thanks to political pressure from the European Commission, this happened in March, and is going well. We may not reach 3.5 gigawatts, but 2.2 or 2.5 gigawatts is certainly possible. Technically everything is ready.

How much electricity do you need?

We have an electricity deficit of 2 gigawatts in Ukraine. In winter, this number will rise to 4 gigawatts, as many people use electricity for heating. Increasing power imports by 0.5 or 0.7 GW could replace two or three damaged units. This can significantly reduce power outage times.

How often should the electricity be cut off?

Currently, state transport system operator Ukrenergo has to set limits for regional companies. Regional operators turn off customers according to schedules. In Kiev, for example, DTEK introduced a rolling schedule for each district: people have no electricity for four hours, then electricity for five hours — and so on. If the energy deficit increases in the winter, the periods of power outages will be much longer: seven hours without power, and two hours without power. People will be without power in their homes for up to 20 hours. This is a big problem. 500 or 700 megawatts from our neighboring countries could alleviate our situation significantly. This is the third step: recovering, defending and importing more electricity. The fourth step that is being talked about a lot now is the installation of decentralized energy sources.

READ  The United States warns of destabilization: The Israeli Finance Minister cuts off funds to the Palestinians

Decentralized energy system?

Yes, with gas turbines and generators. Ukraine must provide everything possible to the country and establish important infrastructure such as water, sewerage and heating systems. None of these systems work without electricity. If there is no electricity, people will not have electricity, but they may also have no heat, no water, and no sanitation. Then the apartments become uninhabitable. As the President said on Tuesday, we have lost 9 gigawatts. The possibility of replacing parts of it without decentralizing our system is limited. Decentralizing our energy system will take two to three years, so we need to start now. It is not just about purchasing gas turbines and generators, but also about integrating them into the grid. This will take time. However, it is the fastest and cheapest solution.

What kind of generator would that be?

The small generators we are considering will be 25 megawatt gas turbines, or diesel or gasoline generators such as a ship engine. They can produce up to 18 megawatts. With enough generators, we can maintain the basic infrastructure we desperately need in the winter so people can stay in their homes.

What role do renewable energy systems play in this concept?

This is the next chapter in the development of the Ukrainian energy system. The share of renewable energy in Ukraine has risen to eleven percent. Before the war, our company built 1.2 gigawatts of solar and wind turbines. Unfortunately, 500 MW of it is in the occupied part of Ukraine, in the south, in the part of the Zaporizhzhya region controlled by the Russians. We still have two large solar systems with a capacity of 200 MW. During the war we built an additional 114 megawatts of wind power. In the south, cities like Odessa and Mykolaiv could be electrified thanks to our wind farms there if substations in the region are destroyed.

It is important to expand into renewable energy because it is more flexible: of course, wind turbines and solar panels can also be attacked, but the Russians will have to spend more resources on this because the systems are spread over a huge area. It is definitely easier and faster to fix.

Hubertus Vollmer and Marina Braček spoke to Dmytro Sakharuk

Continue Reading
Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Twój adres e-mail nie zostanie opublikowany. Wymagane pola są oznaczone *

World

Setback for Orban: After 'Peace Mission’ – EU moves ministerial meeting from Budapest to Brussels

Published

on

Setback for Orban: After 'Peace Mission’ – EU moves ministerial meeting from Budapest to Brussels
outside After the „Orban Peace Mission”

’Symbolic’ Consequences – EU Moves Ministerial Meeting From Budapest to Brussels

Hungary, led by Viktor Orban, has held the presidency of the Council of the European Union since July 1.

Hungary, led by Viktor Orban, has held the presidency of the Council of the European Union since July 1.

Source: German Press Agency/Alexander Zemlianichenko

There is still a lot of anger in Brussels about Viktor Orbán’s “peace mission”: EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell wants to ban Budapest from the next meeting of foreign and defence ministers. But the shot could backfire.

You can listen to our WELT audio files here.

In order to display embedded content, it is necessary to obtain your revocable consent to the transfer and processing of personal data, as the providers of embedded content require this consent as external service providers. [In diesem Zusammenhang können auch Nutzungsprofile (u.a. auf Basis von Cookie-IDs) gebildet und angereichert werden, auch außerhalb des EWR]By setting the switch to “On”, you consent to this (revocable at any time). This also includes your consent to the transfer of certain personal data to third countries, including the USA, in accordance with Article 49(1)(a) of the GDPR. You can find more information about this. You can revoke your consent at any time using the switch and privacy at the bottom of the page.

DrThe European Commission is drawing further conclusions from Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban’s unilateral actions: EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell said on Monday that upcoming meetings of foreign and defence ministers will be held in Brussels – not in the Hungarian capital Budapest.

READ  The scale of the disaster is unclear: dozens killed in the Nepal earthquake

Borrell said after a ministerial meeting in Brussels that he had taken the decision after a majority of ministers spoke out against Hungary and wanted to impose „symbolic” consequences on the country. According to Borrell, 25 foreign ministers condemned Orban’s behaviour. The Hungarian received support only from Slovakia.

But Borrell has also been heavily criticised for his uncoordinated move to cancel the Budapest meeting. “Spain does not support a boycott in the EU,” Foreign Minister José Manuel Albares said. Luxembourg’s Foreign Minister Xavier Bettel called the idea of ​​a boycott “nonsense”. Bettel said he would rather go to Budapest and express his opinion to the Hungarians. Germany, France and the Netherlands have also voiced opposition to Borrell’s proposal.

Read also

In Brussels, it cannot be ruled out that Borrell’s boycott campaign will ultimately backfire: several ministers are now said to be staying away from the Brussels meeting on 28-30 August in protest.

Read also

Hungary has held the six-month rotating presidency of the Council of the European Union since the beginning of July. Immediately after that visit began, Orbán made a surprise visit to Ukraine, Russia and China on a self-proclaimed “peace mission.” He also met with US presidential candidate Donald Trump. His meetings have drawn criticism from EU member states.

The European Commission had already reached its first conclusions a week ago. A Council spokesman had said that no commissioners would be sent to informal meetings of the Hungarian Council Presidency, but only senior officials. The decision was taken by European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen. There will also be no customary inaugural visit by the Commission to the new Council Presidency.

READ  Marina weissband near ellner: the war could have ended long ago in politics

Continue Reading

World

Trump camp launches attack after Biden withdrawal

Published

on

Trump camp launches attack after Biden withdrawal

As of: July 23, 2024 at 11:29 AM

After Biden’s withdrawal from the US election campaign, Vice President Harris appears to be the new Democratic nominee. The Trump camp and the Republicans have already adjusted their strategy.

While US President Joe Biden is widely respected by Democrats for his decision, the reaction from Republicans seems somewhat different.

The crowd began to boo when Trump’s running mate, J.D. Vance, declared at a rally in Ohio: “Joe Biden is out of the race.” In his hometown of Middletown, the newly elected Vance has now thrown himself into the campaign.

That has changed dramatically for the Republican Party as a result of Biden’s withdrawal. So they are immediately adopting a new strategy and portraying the planned change of candidates as undemocratic.

Republicans make serious claims

Vance, for example, rails against the supposed Democratic elite who, in his view, were pulling the strings in the background: “Now to nominate someone else because George Soros and Barack Obama and a few elite Democrats decided behind closed doors to prioritize the Democrats.” Joe Biden is out “This is a threat to democracy. It’s not the Republican Party that fights for democracy every day.”

House Republican Leader Mike Johnson goes a step further. On CNN, he says that in some states you can’t just change the nominee. 14 million people voted for him in the primary — and Biden’s withdrawal now renders their votes invalid.

In the US states of Wisconsin, Georgia and Nevada, there are already regulations on how to conduct a candidate swap, but since Biden has not yet been formally nominated, it probably won’t help that Republicans go to court much.

READ  The sudden onset of winter exacerbates the situation

Anti-Harris commercials are already running.

The second strategy directly targets Biden’s likely successor, current Vice President Kamala Harris. Donald Trump, who is running for the White House as a Republican, has already made a pitch at a campaign event in Michigan..

Trump, who mispronounced her name, says he just calls her „Laughing Kamala.” „You can tell a lot from her amazing smile,” the 78-year-old said. „She’s crazy.”

But the attacks are not limited to the personal level: Trump and Republicans are also blaming Harris on the political level — for everything the Biden administration has done.

Just an hour after he announced he would not run for re-election, the first TV ads came out: Harris was accused of covering up Biden’s supposedly poor health.

The short ad reads: “Kamala knew Joe couldn’t do the job, so she did it.” What they achieved was an invasion of the border, soaring inflation, and the death of the American dream.

Attack Surface When It Comes to Immigration

The immigration issue in particular could make Harris vulnerable to Republicans. As vice president, President Biden has tasked her with immigration policy.

“She didn’t do her job,” Texas Republican Gov. Greg Abbott said on Fox News. “Harris is a failure.” Abbott said Americans should reject her at the ballot box in November.

It remains unclear whether Kamala Harris will actually run as a Democrat. Republicans are certainly preparing for that.

Continue Reading

World

Trump furious after Biden resignation – former president sees ‘danger to democracy’

Published

on

Trump furious after Biden resignation – former president sees ‘danger to democracy’
  1. Homepage
  2. Policy

He presses

Donald Trump is angry. After Joe Biden dropped out of the presidential race, the Republican reacted angrily.

Updated from July 22, 1:53 p.m.: A day after Joe Biden dropped out, Donald Trump continues to distribute. The former US president wrote on TruthSocial: “It’s a new day and Joe Biden doesn’t remember dropping out of the race yesterday! He’s demanding his campaign plan and arranging talks with Presidents Xi (China) and Putin (Russia) about the possible start of World War III.

“He loses the debate badly, then panics and makes mistake after mistake. Then he is told he can’t win. They decide to vote for someone else, maybe Harris. They stole the race from Biden after he won the primary – for the first time! These people are the real danger to democracy!” Donald Trump wrote regarding the latest developments in American politics.

After Joe Biden Withdraws: Trump May Run Against Harris in US Elections

Updated from July 22, 12:02 PM: For Trump, Joe Biden’s withdrawal is likely to open a new chapter in the US election campaign. Shortly after Biden’s comments, the Republican vented his anger and criticized his former rival. He, in turn, tried to appoint Kamala Harris as his successor. Current analysis of the surveys written by CNN Meanwhile, he sees a close race between Trump and Harris if the two politicians run against each other in the 2024 US election.

CNN found that the average of the last six polls would give Trump 48% of the vote. Harris would get 47%. Political expert David Sirakov sees Democrats’ chances in the US presidential election improving significantly after Joe Biden’s withdrawal as a candidate. “The withdrawal has the potential to be a game changer. It’s an opportunity for Democrats to get back on the political front,” he said.

READ  war | Kiev announces a further escalation of the counterattack

Trump responds to Biden’s withdrawal: 'It’s a threat to democracy’

Updated from July 22, 10:43 AM: Donald Trump is still angry after Biden dropped out of the 2024 US presidential race. On Truthsocial, he once again criticized his former rival, writing: “Who is running our country right now? It’s not Crooked Joe. He has no idea where he is. If he can’t run for president, he can’t run our country!!!” Meanwhile, Trump said: “Biden did not have Covid. He is a threat to democracy!”

Meanwhile, in the wake of recent developments in US politics, the Republican front-runner also sees himself as needing „compensation” after spending money on the campaign against Biden.

Biden Withdrawal Impact: Stock Market and Bitcoin Reaction – Trump With Confidence

Update from July 22, 9:40 AM: The withdrawal of Joe Biden and the search for a successor to run in the US elections in 2024 is the dominant topic in the United States. There is currently no official opponent for Donald Trump. In these turbulent times, the US stock market started the new week with a setback. On the other hand, the cryptocurrency Bitcoin has risen significantly: the price rose to more than $ 68,000 on Monday, its highest level in more than a month. Last night, the oldest and most popular cryptocurrency was temporarily trading at just under $ 68,500 on the Bitstamp trading platform.

According to analyst Timo Emden of Emden Research, the assumption in the crypto market is still that Donald Trump will win the upcoming presidential election and return to the White House as president. Trump is an advocate of reduced regulation and is generally seen as a supporter of cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin.

READ  The scale of the disaster is unclear: dozens killed in the Nepal earthquake

Donald Trump Responds to Biden’s Withdrawal Ahead of US Elections, Feels 'Scammed’

Update from July 22, 5:45 AM: After Joe Biden’s withdrawal, Donald Trump is clearly angry. His campaign team has invested time and money in “the battle against fraudulent Joe Biden.” “We must now start over,” Trump wrote on the online platform Truth Social. The 78-year-old suggested that Republicans should compensate for the “fraud” on his party.

Update from July 21, 10:30 PM: About an hour after his initial reaction, Donald Trump retaliated against US President Joe Biden after he dropped out of the election campaign. “Corrupt Joe Biden is by far the worst president in the history of our nation. He has done everything in his power to destroy our country, from our southern border to energy dominance, national security, international standing and so much more,” Trump wrote in another post on Truth Social.

“He was destroyed in a devastating debate, and now the corrupt and radical Democrats are throwing him overboard,” Trump continued, referring to the failed televised debate. “He was unfit to serve from the start, but the people around him lied to America about his complete and utter mental, physical and cognitive decline. Whoever the Left puts forward now will be more of the same.”

Trump’s reaction to Biden’s withdrawal from the US election campaign

First report for July 21: Email WASHINGTON, DC — It’s been a long-running speculation, but it finally happened on Sunday night. U.S. President Joe Biden has withdrawn his candidacy for the 2024 U.S. presidential election after mounting criticism from his own ranks. He wants to focus on his duties as president and is proposing his vice president, Kamala Harris, as the new Democratic nominee. It didn’t take long for Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump to respond.

READ  The United States warns of destabilization: The Israeli Finance Minister cuts off funds to the Palestinians
Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump made extensive use of his first campaign appearance since the assassination attempt to mock rival Joe Biden’s problems. © Katie Boehmer/Saginaw News/AP/dpa

Trump Responds to Biden Withdrawal – ‘Not Fit to Serve’

“Corrupt Joe Biden was unfit to run for President and certainly unfit to serve — and never was!” Trump wrote on his Truth Social messaging service. “He only got the job of President through lies, fake news, and never leaving his basement,” the former president continued. Biden’s inner circle knew the president was unfit for office, and Trump continues to make the claims, attacking Biden’s doctors and the media in particular.

Trump wrote that the United States had suffered „great damage” from Biden’s presidency, but that he and his team „will repair the damage very quickly” after he concluded his re-election statement with the slogan „Make America Great Again.”

Trump Reacts to Biden Withdrawal – Vance’s Rep Also Calls for Immediate Resignation as President of the United States

Since announcing his candidacy, Trump has attacked Biden for his age and alleged lack of mental fitness. After Biden’s poor performance in a live televised duel with Donald Trump, a growing chorus of voices within the Democratic Party has been raised against the US president and disqualified from running again.

J.D. Vance, Trump’s running mate, had called for Biden to withdraw just hours earlier. He said that if the US president withdrew his candidacy, he should also resign from office. “Failure to seek re-election would be a clear admission that President Trump was right all along in his belief that Biden was not mentally fit to serve as commander-in-chief,” Vance wrote on X.

Trump’s reaction to Biden’s withdrawal from the US election campaign – the statement literally

“Crooked Joe Biden (Crooked Joe Biden) was not fit to run for President and is certainly not fit to hold office – and never was! He became President only through lies, fake news, and not leaving his basement. Everyone around him, including his own doctor and the media, knew he was not fit to be President, and he was not – and now look what he has done to our country, with millions of people, coming across our borders, completely out of control and unchecked, many from prisons and psychiatric institutions and a record number of terrorists. We will suffer greatly under his Presidency, but we will repair the damage he has done very quickly. Let’s Make America Great Again!” (FD)

Continue Reading

Trending